Sunday, October 28, 2007

 

613 COMMANDMENTS 114 - 248

THE 613 COMMANDMENTS OF JUDAISM 114 - 248

DONATION TO THE TEMPLE - COMMANDMENTS

114-If a person 114-undertakes to give his own value to the Temple he must do so. Should a man declare

LEV 27:2-8 (114)
2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When a man shall make a singular vow, the persons shall be for the LORD by thy estimation.
3 And thy estimation shall be of the male from twenty years old even unto sixty years old, even thy estimation shall be fifty shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary.
4 And if it be a female, then thy estimation shall be thirty shekels.
5 And if it be from five years old even unto twenty years old, then thy estimation shall be of the male twenty shekels, and for the female ten shekels.
6 And if it be from a month old even unto five years old, then thy estimation shall be of the male five shekels of silver, and for the female thy estimation shall be three shekels of silver.
7 And if it be from sixty years old and above; if it be a male, then thy estimation shall be fifteen shekels, and for the female ten shekels.
8 But if he be poorer than thy estimation, then he shall present himself before the priest, and the priest shall value him; according to his ability that vowed shall the priest value him.

115-an unclean beast

LEV 27:11-12 (115)
11 And if it be any unclean beast, of which they do not offer a sacrifice unto the LORD, then he shall present the beast before the priest:
12 And the priest shall value it, whether it be good or bad: as thou valuest it, who art the priest, so shall it be.

116-a house or

LEV 27:14 (116)
14 And when a man shall sanctify his house to be holy unto the LORD, then the priest shall estimate it, whether it be good or bad: as the priest shall estimate it, so shall it stand.

117-a field as a donation to the Temple, he must give their value in money as fixed by the priest. If oneunwittingly derives benefit from Temple property

LEV 27:16,22-23
16 And if a man shall sanctify unto the LORD some part of a field of his possession, then thy estimation shall be according to the seed thereof: an homer of barley seed shall be valued at fifty shekels of silver.
22 And if a man sanctify unto the LORD a field which he hath bought, which is not of the fields of his possession;
23 Then the priest shall reckon unto him the worth of thy estimation, even unto the year of the jubilee: and he shall give thine estimation in that day, as a holy thing unto the LORD.

118-full restitution plus a fifth must be made. The fruit of

LEV 5:16 (118)
16 And he shall make amends for the harm that he hath done in the holy thing, and shall add the fifth part thereto, and give it unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him.

119-the fourth year's growth of trees is holy and may be eaten only in Jerusalem. When you reap your fields you must leave

LEV 19:24 (119)
24 But in the fourth year all the fruit thereof shall be holy to praise the LORD withal.

120-the corners,
121-the gleanings,

LEV 19:9 (120-121)
9 And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly reap the corners of thy field, neither shalt thou gather the gleanings of thy harvest.

122-the forgotten sheaves,

DEU 24:19 (122)
19 When thou cuttest down thine harvest in thy field, and hast forgot a sheaf in the field, thou shalt not go again to fetch it: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow: that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hands.

123-the misformed bunches of grapes and

124-the gleanings of the grapes for the poor. The first fruits must be

LEV 19:10 (123-124)
10 And thou shalt not glean thy vineyard, neither shalt thou gather every grape of thy vineyard; thou shalt leave them for the poor and stranger: I am the LORD your God.

125-separated and brought to the Temple and you must also

EXO 23:19 (125)
19 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring into the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.

126-separate the great heave offering (terumah) and give it to the priests. You must give

DEU 18:4 (126)
4 The firstfruit also of thy corn, of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the first of the fleece of thy sheep, shalt thou give him.

127-one tithe of your produce to the Levites and separate

LEV 27:30 (127)
30 And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD's: it is holy unto the LORD.

NUM 18:24 (127)
24 But the tithes of the children of Israel, which they offer as an heave offering unto the LORD, I have given to the Levites to inherit: therefore I have said unto them, Among the children of Israel they shall have no inheritance.

128-a second tithe which is to be eaten only in Jerusalem. The Levites

DEU 14:22 (128)
22 Thou shalt truly tithe all the increase of thy seed, that the field bringeth forth year by year.

129-must give a tenth of their tithe to the priests. In the third and sixth years of the seven year cycle you should

NUM 18:26 (129)
26 Thus speak unto the Levites, and say unto them, When ye take of the children of Israel the tithes which I have given you from them for your inheritance, then ye shall offer up an heave offering of it for the LORD, even a tenth part of the tithe.

130-separate a tithe for the poor instead of the second tithe. A declaration

DEU 14:28 (130)
28 At the end of three years thou shalt bring forth all the tithe of thine increase the same year, and shalt lay it up within thy gates:

131-must be recited when separating the various tithes and

DEU 26:13 (131)
13 Then thou shalt say before the LORD thy God, I have brought away the hallowed things out of mine house, and also have given them unto the Levite, and unto the stranger, to the fatherless, and to the widow, according to all thy commandments which thou hast commanded me: I have not transgressed thy commandments, neither have I forgotten them.

132-when bringing the first fruits to the Temple. The first portion of the

DEU 26:5 (132)
5 And thou shalt speak and say before the LORD thy God, A Syrian ready to perish was my father, and he went down into Egypt, and sojourned there with a few, and became there a nation, great, mighty, and populous.

133-dough must be givin to the priest.

NUM 15:20 (133)
20 Ye shall offer up a cake of the first of your dough for an heave offering: as ye do the heave offering of the threshingfloor, so shall ye heave it.

THE SABBATICAL YEAR COMMANDMENTS

134-In the seventh year (shemittah) everything that grows is 134-ownerless and available to all; the fields

EXO 23:11 (134)
11 But the seventh year thou shalt let it rest and lie still; that the poor of thy people may eat: and what they leave the beasts of the field shall eat. In like manner thou shalt deal with thy vineyard, and with thy oliveyard.

135-must lie fallow and you may not till the ground. You must

EXO 34:21 (135)
21 Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest.

136-sanctify the jubilee year (50th) and on the day of atonement in that year

LEV 25:10 (136)
10 And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubilee unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family.

137-you must sound the shofar and set all Hebrew slaves free. In the jubilee year all land is to be

LEV 25:9 (137)
9 Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubilee to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land.

138-returned to its ancestral owners and, generally, in a walled city

LEV 25:24 (138)
24 And in all the land of your possession ye shall grant a redemption for the land.

139-the seller has the right to buy back a house within a year of the sale.

LEV 25:29-30(139)
29 And if a man sell a dwelling house in a walled city, then he may redeem it within a whole year after it is sold; within a full year may he redeem it.
30 And if it be not redeemed within the space of a full year, then the house that is in the walled city shall be established for ever to him that bought it throughout his generations: it shall not go out in the jubilee.

140-Starting from entry into the land of Israel, the years of the jubilee must be 140-counted and announced yearly and septennially.

LEV 25:8 (140)
8 And thou shalt number seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be unto thee forty and nine years.

141-In the seventh year 141-all debts are annulled but

142-one may exact a debt owed by a foreigner.

DEU 15:3 (141-142)
3 Of a foreigner thou mayest exact it again: but that which is thine with thy brother thine hand shall release.

CONCERNING ANIMALS FOR CONSUMPTION COMMANDMENTS

143-When you slaughter an animal you must 143-give the priest his share as you must also give him

DEU 18:3 (143)
3 And this shall be the priest's due from the people, from them that offer a sacrifice, whether it be ox or sheep; and they shall give unto the priest the shoulder, and the two cheeks, and the maw.

144-the first of the fleece. When a man makes a herem (a special vow) you must

DEU 18:4 (144)
4 The firstfruit also of thy corn, of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the first of the fleece of thy sheep, shalt thou give him.

145-distinguish between that which belongs to the Temple (i.e., when Gods name was mentioned in the vow) and between that which goes to the priests. To be fit for consumption, beast and fowl must be

LEV 27:21,28 (145)
21 But the field, when it goeth out in the jubilee, shall be holy unto the LORD, as a field devoted; the possession thereof shall be the priest's.
28 Notwithstanding no devoted thing, that a man shall devote unto the LORD of all that he hath, both of man and beast, and of the field of his possession, shall be sold or redeemed: every devoted thing is most holy unto the LORD.

146-slaughtered according to the law and if they are not of a domesticated species

DEU 12:21 (146)
21 If the place which the LORD thy God hath chosen to put his name there be too far from thee, then thou shalt kill of thy herd and of thy flock, which the LORD hath given thee, as I have commanded thee, and thou shalt eat in thy gates whatsoever thy soul lusteth after.

147-their blood must be covered with earth after slaughter.Set the parent bird

LEV 17:13 (147)
13 And whatsoever man there be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn among you, which hunteth and catcheth any beast or fowl that may be eaten; he shall even pour out the blood thereof, and cover it with dust.

148-free when taking the nest. Examine

DEU 22:7 (148)
7 But thou shalt in any wise let the dam go, and take the young to thee; that it may be well with thee, and that thou mayest prolong thy days.

149-beast,

LEV 11:2 (149)
2 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, These are the beasts which ye shall eat among all the beasts that are on the earth.

150-fowl,

DEU 14:11 (150)
11 Of all clean birds ye shall eat.

151-locusts and

LEV 11:21 (151)
21 Yet these may ye eat of every flying creeping thing that goeth upon all four, which have legs above their feet, to leap withal upon the earth.

152-fish to determine whether they are permitted for consumption.

LEV 11:9 (152)
9 These shall ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, them shall ye eat.

153-The * Sanhedrin should 153-sanctify the first day of every month and reckon the years and the seasons.

EXO 12:2 (153)
2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

DEU 16:1 (153)
1 Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

FESTIVALS COMMANDMENTS

154-You must 154-rest on the Sabbath day and

EXO 23:12 (154)
12 Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.

155-declare it holy at its onset and termination. On the 14th of Nisan

EXO 20:8 (155)
8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.

156-remove all leaven from your ownership and on the night of the 15th

EXO 12:15 (156)
15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.

157-relate the story of the Exodus from Egypt; on that night

EXO 13:8 (157)
8 And thou shalt show thy son in that day, saying, This is done because of that which the LORD did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt.

158-you must also eat mazzah. On the

EXO 12:18 (158)
18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.

159-first and

160-seventh days of Passover you must rest. Starting from the day of the first sheaf (16th of Nisan) you shall

EXO 12:16 (159-160)
16 And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.

161-count 49 days. You must rest on

LEV 23:35 (161)
35 On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

162-* Shavout, and on

LEV 23:1-44 (162)
1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.
3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.
4 These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.
5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD's passover.
6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.
7 In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
8 But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
9 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:
11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
12 And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD.
13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savor: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.
14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:
16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.
17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals; they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD.
18 And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savor unto the LORD.
19 Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.
20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.
21 And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.
22 And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God.
23 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
24 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.
25 Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
26 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
28 And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God.
29 For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.
30 And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.
31 Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
33 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
34 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD.
35 On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
36 Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein.
37 These are the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day:
38 Beside the sabbaths of the LORD, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto the LORD.
39 Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath.
40 And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.
41 And ye shall keep it a feast unto the LORD seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month.
42 Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths:
43 That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.
44 And Moses declared unto the children of Israel the feasts of the LORD.

163-* Rosh Ha-shanah; on the day of * Atonement you must

LEV 23:24 (163)
24 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.

164-fast and

LEV 16:29 (164)
29 And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you.

165-rest. You must also rest on

LEV 16:29,31 (165)
29 And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you.
31 It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever.

166-the first and

LEV 23:35 (166)
35 On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

167-the eighth day of *Sukkot during which festival you shall

LEV 23:36 (167)
36 Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein.

168-dwell in booths and

LEV 23:42 (168)
42 Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths.

169-take the * four species. On * Rosh Ha-shanah

LEV 23:40 (169)
40 And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.

170-you are to hear the sound of the * Shofar.

NUM 29:1 (170)
1 And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you.

COMMUNITY COMMANDMENTS

171-Every male should 171-give half a shekel to the Temple anually. Yoy must

EXO 30:12-13 (171)
12 When thou takest the sum of the children of Israel after their number, then shall they give every man a ransom for his soul unto the LORD, when thou numberest them; that there be no plague among them, when thou numberest them.
13 This they shall give, every one that passeth among them that are numbered, half a shekel after the shekel of the sanctuary: (a shekel is twenty gerahs:) an half shekel shall be the offering of the LORD.

172-obey a prophet and

DEU 18:15 (172)
15 The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken.

173-appoint a king. You must also

DEU 17:15 (173)
15 Thou shalt in any wise set him king over thee, whom the LORD thy God shall choose: one from among thy brethren shalt thou set king over thee: thou mayest not set a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother.

174-obey the Sanhedrin; in the case of division,

DEU 17:11 (174)
11 According to the sentence of the law which they shall teach thee, and according to the judgment which they shall tell thee, thou shalt do: thou shalt not decline from the sentence which they shall show thee, to the right hand, nor to the left.

175-yield to the majority. Judges and officials shall be

EXO 23:2 (175)
2 Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt thou speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment:

176-appointed in every town and they shall judge the people

DEU 16:18 (176)
18 Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, throughout thy tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgment.

177-impartially. Whosoever is aware of evidence

LEV 19:15 (177)
15 Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honor the person of the mighty: but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbor.

178-must come to court to testify. Witnesses shall be

LEV 5:1 (178)
1 And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he hath seen or known of it; if he do not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity.

179-examined thoroughly and, if found to be false

DEU 13:15 (179)
15 Thou shalt surely smite the inhabitants of that city with the edge of the sword, destroying it utterly, and all that is therein, and the cattle thereof, with the edge of the sword.

180-shall have done to them what they intended to do to the accused. When a person is found murdered and the murderer is unknown the ritual of

DEU 19:19 (180)
19 Then shall ye do unto him, as he had thought to have done unto his brother: so shalt thou put the evil away from among you.

181-decapitating the heifer must be performed. Six cities of refuge should be

DEU 21:4 (181)
4 And the elders of that city shall bring down the heifer unto a rough valley, which is neither eared nor sown, and shall strike off the heifer's neck there in the valley:

182-established. The Levites, who have no ancestral share in the land, shall

DEU 19:3 (182)
3 Thou shalt prepare thee a way, and divide the coasts of thy land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee to inherit, into three parts, that every slayer may flee thither.

183-be givin cities to live in. You must

NUM 35:2 (183)
2 Command the children of Israel, that they give unto the Levites of the inheritance of their possession cities to dwell in; and ye shall give also unto the Levites suburbs for the cities round about them.

184-build a fence around your roof and remove potential hazards from your home.

DEU 22:8 (184)
8 When thou buildest a new house, then thou shalt make a battlement for thy roof, that thou bring not blood upon thine house, if any man fall from thence.

IDOLATRY COMMANDMENTS

185-Idolatry and its appurtenances 185-must be destroyed, and a city which has become perverted must be

DEU 12:2 (185)
2 Ye shall utterly destroy all the places, wherein the nations which ye shall possess served their gods, upon the high mountains, and upon the hills, and under every green tree:

DEU 7:5 (185)
5 But thus shall ye deal with them; ye shall destroy their altars, and break down their images, and cut down their groves, and burn their graven images with fire.

186-treated according to the law. You are commanded to

DEU 13:17 (186)
17 And there shall cleave nought of the cursed thing to thine hand: that the LORD may turn from the fierceness of his anger, and show thee mercy, and have compassion upon thee, and multiply thee, as he hath sworn unto thy fathers;

187-destroy the seven canaanite nations, and

DEU 20:17 (187)
17 But thou shalt utterly destroy them; namely, the Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee:

188-to blot out the memory of * Amalek and

DEU 25:19 (188)
19 Therefore it shall be, when the LORD thy God hath given thee rest from all thine enemies round about, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance to possess it, that thou shalt blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven; thou shalt not forget it.

189-to remember what they did to Israel.

DEU 25:17 (189)
17 Remember what Amalek did unto thee by the way, when ye were come forth out of Egypt;

WAR COMMANDMENTS

190-The regulations for wars other than those commanded in the Torah 190-are to be observed and a priest should be

DEU 20:11-12 (190)
11 And it shall be, if it make thee answer of peace, and open unto thee, then it shall be, that all the people that is found therein shall be tributaries unto thee, and they shall serve thee.
12 And if it will make no peace with thee, but will make war against thee, then thou shalt besiege it:

191-appointed for special duties in times of war. The military camp must be

DEU 20:2 (191)
2 And it shall be, when ye are come nigh unto the battle, that the priest shall approach and speak unto the people,

192-kept in a sanitary condition. To this end, every soldier must be

DEU 23:14-15 (192)
14 For the LORD thy God walketh in the midst of thy camp, to deliver thee, and to give up thine enemies before thee; therefore shall thy camp be holy: that he see no unclean thing in thee, and turn away from thee.
15 Thou shalt not deliver unto his master the servant which is escaped from his master unto thee:

193-equipped with the necessary implements

DEU 23:14 (193)
14 For the LORD thy God walketh in the midst of thy camp, to deliver thee, and to give up thine enemies before thee; therefore shall thy camp be holy: that he see no unclean thing in thee, and turn away from thee.

SOCIAL COMMANDMENTS

194-Stolen property must be 194-restored to its owner. Give

LEV 25:23 (194)
23 The land shall not be sold for ever: for the land is mine, for ye are strangers and sojourners with me. 24 And in all the land of your possession ye shall grant a redemption for the land.

195-charity to the poor. When a Hebrew slave goes free the owner must

DEU 15:8 (195)
8 But thou shalt open thine hand wide unto him, and shalt surely lend him sufficient for his need, in that which he wanteth.

LEV 25:35-36 (195)
35 And if thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with thee; then thou shalt relieve him: yea, though he be a stranger, or a sojourner; that he may live with thee.
36 Take thou no usury of him, or increase: but fear thy God; that thy brother may live with thee.

196-give him gifts. Lend to

DEU 15:14 (196)
14 Thou shalt furnish him liberally out of thy flock, and out of thy floor, and out of thy winepress: of that wherewith the LORD thy God hath blessed thee thou shalt give unto him.

197-the poor without interest; to the foreigner you may

EXO 22:24 (197)
24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

198-lend at interest. Restore

DEU 23:21 (198)
21 When thou shalt vow a vow unto the LORD thy God, thou shalt not slack to pay it: for the LORD thy God will surely require it of thee; and it would be sin in thee.

199-a pledge to its owner if he needs it. Pay the worker his wages

DEU 24:13 (199)

13 In any case thou shalt deliver him the pledge again when the sun goeth down, that he may sleep in his own raiment, and bless thee: and it shall be righteousness unto thee before the LORD thy God.

EXO 22:25 (199)
25 If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.

200-on time

DEU 24:15 (200)
15 At his day thou shalt give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he is poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the LORD, and it be sin unto thee.

201-permit him to eat of the produce with which he is working. You must

DEU 23:24-25 (201)
24 When thou comest into thy neighbor's vineyard, then thou mayest eat grapes thy fill at thine own pleasure; but thou shalt not put any in thy vessel.
25 When thou comest into the standing corn of thy neighbor, then thou mayest pluck the ears with thine hand; but thou shalt not move a sickle unto thy neighbor's standing corn.

202-help unload an animal when necessary, and also

EXO 23:5 (202)
5 If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help him, thou shalt surely help with him.

203-help load man or beast. Lost property

DEU 22:4 (203)
4 Thou shalt not see thy brother's ass or his ox fall down by the way, and hide thyself from them: thou shalt surely help him to lift them up again.

204-must be restored to its owner. You are required

DEU 22:1 (204)
1 Thou shalt not see thy brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and hide thyself from them: thou shalt in any case bring them again unto thy brother.

EXO 23:4 (204)
4 If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again.

205-to reproove the sinner but you must

LEV 19:17 (205)
17 Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbor, and not suffer sin upon him.

206-love your fellow as yourself. You are commanded

LEV 19:18 (206)
18 Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself: I am the LORD.

207-to love the proselyte. Your weights and measures

DEU 10:19 (207)
19 Love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

208-must be accurate.

LEV 19:36 (208)
36 Just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin, shall ye have: I am the LORD your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt.

FAMILY COMMANDMENTS

209-Respect the 209-wise;

LEV 19:32 (209)
32 Thou shalt rise up before the hoary head, and honor the face of the old man, and fear thy God: I am the LORD.

210-honor and

EXO 20:12 (210)
12 Honor thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

211-fear your parents. You should

LEV 19:3 (211)
3 Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.

212-perpetuate the human race by marrying

GEN 1:28 (212)
28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

213-according to the law. A bridegroom is to

DEU 24:1 (213)
1 When a man hath taken a wife, and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favor in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her: then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house.

214-rejoice with his bride for one year. Male children must

DEU 24:5 (214)
5 When a man hath taken a new wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall he be charged with any business: but he shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer up his wife which he hath taken.

215-be circumcised. Should a man die childless his brother must either

GEN 17:10 (215)
10 This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised.

LEV 12:3 (215)
3 And in the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised.

216-marry his widow or

DEU 25:5 (216)
5 If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without unto a stranger: her husband's brother shall go in unto her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband's brother unto her.

217-release her (halizah). He who violates a virgin must

DEU 25:9 (217)
9 Then shall his brother's wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother's house.

218-marry her and may never divorce her. If a man unjustly accuses his wife of premarital promiscuity

DEU 22:29 (218)
29 Then the man that lay with her shall give unto the damsel's father fifty shekels of silver, and she shall be his wife; because he hath humbled her, he may not put her away all his days.

219-he shall be flogged, and may never divorce her. The seducer

DEU 22:18-19 (219)
18 And the elders of that city shall take that man and chastise him;
19 And they shall amerce him in an hundred shekels of silver, and give them unto the father of the damsel, because he hath brought up an evil name upon a virgin of Israel: and she shall be his wife; he may not put her away all his days.

220-must be punished according to the law. The female captive must be

EXO 22:15-23 (220)
15 But if the owner thereof be with it, he shall not make it good: if it be an hired thing, it came for his hire.
16 And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.
17 If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.
18 Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.
19 Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death.
20 He that sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed.
21 Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
22 Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.
23 If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry;

221-treated in accordance with her special regulations. Divorce can be executed

DEU 21:11 (221)
11 And seest among the captives a beautiful woman, and hast a desire unto her, that thou wouldest have her to thy wife;

222-only by means of a written document. A woman suspected of adultery

DEU 24:1 (222)
1 When a man hath taken a wife, and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favor in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her: then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house.

223-has to submit to the required test.

NUM 5:15-27 (223)
15 Then shall the man bring his wife unto the priest, and he shall bring her offering for her, the tenth part of an ephah of barley meal; he shall pour no oil upon it, nor put frankincense thereon; for it is an offering of jealousy, an offering of memorial, bringing iniquity to remembrance.
16 And the priest shall bring her near, and set her before the LORD:
17 And the priest shall take holy water in an earthen vessel; and of the dust that is in the floor of the tabernacle the priest shall take, and put it into the water:
18 And the priest shall set the woman before the LORD, and uncover the woman's head, and put the offering of memorial in her hands, which is the jealousy offering: and the priest shall have in his hand the bitter water that causeth the curse:
19 And the priest shall charge her by an oath, and say unto the woman, If no man have lain with thee, and if thou hast not gone aside to uncleanness with another instead of thy husband, be thou free from this bitter water that causeth the curse:
20 But if thou hast gone aside to another instead of thy husband, and if thou be defiled, and some man have lain with thee beside thine husband:
21 Then the priest shall charge the woman with an oath of cursing, and the priest shall say unto the woman, The LORD make thee a curse and an oath among thy people, when the LORD doth make thy thigh to rot, and thy belly to swell;
22 And this water that causeth the curse shall go into thy bowels, to make thy belly to swell, and thy thigh to rot: And the woman shall say, Amen, amen.
23 And the priest shall write these curses in a book, and he shall blot them out with the bitter water:
24 And he shall cause the woman to drink the bitter water that causeth the curse: and the water that causeth the curse shall enter into her, and become bitter.
25 Then the priest shall take the jealousy offering out of the woman's hand, and shall wave the offering before the LORD, and offer it upon the altar:
26 And the priest shall take an handful of the offering, even the memorial thereof, and burn it upon the altar, and afterward shall cause the woman to drink the water.
27 And when he hath made her to drink the water, then it shall come to pass, that, if she be defiled, and have done trespass against her husband, that the water that causeth the curse shall enter into her, and become bitter, and her belly shall swell, and her thigh shall rot: and the woman shall be a curse among her people.

JUDICIAL COMMANDMENTS

224-when required by the law 224-you must administer the punishment of flogging and you must

DEU 25:2 (224)
2 And it shall be, if the wicked man be worthy to be beaten, that the judge shall cause him to lie down, and to be beaten before his face, according to his fault, by a certain number.

225-exile the unwitting homicide. Capital punishment shall be by

NUM 35:25 (225)
25 And the congregation shall deliver the slayer out of the hand of the revenger of blood, and the congregation shall restore him to the city of his refuge, whither he was fled: and he shall abide in it unto the death of the high priest, which was anointed with the holy oil.

226-the sword

EXO 21:20 (226)
20 And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished.

227-strangulation

EXO 21:16 (227)
16 And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

228-fire, or

LEV 20:14 (228)
14 And if a man take a wife and her mother, it is wickedness: they shall be burnt with fire, both he and they; that there be no wickedness among you.

229-stoning, as specified in some cases the body of the executed

DEU 22:24 (229)
24 Then ye shall bring them both out unto the gate of that city, and ye shall stone them with stones that they die; the damsel, because she cried not, being in the city; and the man, because he hath humbled his neighbor's wife: so thou shalt put away evil from among you.

230-shall be hanged, but it

DEU 21:22 (230)
22 And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree:

231-must be brought to burial the same day.

DEU 21:23 (231)
23 His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged is accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.

SLAVES COMMANDMENTS

232-Hebrew slaves 232-must be treated according to the special laws for them. The master should

EXO 21:2 (232)
2 If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.

233-marry his Hebrew maidservant or

234-redeem her. The alien slave

EXO 21:8 (233-234)
8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.

235-must be treated according to the regulations applying to him.

LEV 25:46 (236)
46 And ye shall take them as an inheritance for your children after you, to inherit them for a possession; they shall be your bondmen for ever: but over your brethren the children of Israel, ye shall not rule one over another with rigor.

TORTS COMMANDMENTS

236-The applicable law must be administered in the case of injury caused by 236-a person

EXO 21:18 (236)
18 And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed:

237-an animal or

EXO 21:28 (237)
28 If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die: then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be quit.

238-a pit. Thieves

EXO 21:33-34 (238)
33 And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein;
34 The owner of the pit shall make it good, and give money unto the owner of them; and the dead beast shall be his.

239-must be punished. You must render judgement in cases of

EXO 21:36-22:3 (239)
36 Or if it be known that the ox hath used to push in time past, and his owner hath not kept him in; he shall surely pay ox for ox; and the dead shall be his own.
1 If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.
2 If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him.
3 If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.

240-trespass by cattle

EXO 22:4 (240)
4 If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.

241-arson

EXO 22:5 (241)
5 If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and shall put in his beast, and shall feed in another man's field; of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard, shall he make restitution.

242-embezzlement by an unpaid guardian and in claims against

EXO 22:6-8 (242)
6 If fire break out, and catch in thorns, so that the stacks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field, be consumed therewith; he that kindled the fire shall surely make restitution.
7 If a man shall deliver unto his neighbor money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man's house; if the thief be found, let him pay double.
8 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, to see whether he have put his hand unto his neighbor's goods.

243-a paid guardian, a hirer, or

EXO 22:9-12 (243)
9 For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing which another challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbor.
10 If a man deliver unto his neighbor an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep; and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, no man seeing it:
11 Then shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbor's goods; and the owner of it shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good.
12 And if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto the owner thereof.

244-a borrower. Judgement must also be rendered in disputes arising out of

EXO 22:13 (244)
13 If it be torn in pieces, then let him bring it for witness, and he shall not make good that which was torn.

245-sales,

LEV 25:14 (245)
14 And if thou sell ought unto thy neighbor, or buyest ought of thy neighbor's hand, ye shall not oppress one another:

246-inheritance and

EXO 22:8 (246)
8 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, to see whether he have put his hand unto his neighbor's goods.

247-other matters generally. You are required to

DEU 25:12 (247)
12 Then thou shalt cut off her hand, thine eye shall not pity her.

248-rescue the persecuted even if it means killing his oppresor.

NUM 27:8 (248)
8 And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a man die, and have no son, then ye shall cause his inheritance to pass unto his daughter.



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