Tuesday, October 30, 2007

 

613 COMMANDMENTS 420 - 520

THE 613 COMMANDMENTS OF JUDAISM 420 - 520 OR 172-272

DIETARY LAWS COMMANDMENTS

172-A Jew may not eat 172-unclean cattle

DEU 14:7 (172)
7 Nevertheless these ye shall not eat of them that chew the cud, or of them that divide the cloven hoof; as the camel, and the hare, and the coney: for they chew the cud, but divide not the hoof; therefore they are unclean unto you.

173-unclean fish,

LEV 11:11 (173)
11 They shall be even an abomination unto you; ye shall not eat of their flesh, but ye shall have their carcasses in abomination. 12 Whatsoever hath no fins nor scales in the waters, that shall be an abomination unto you.

174-unclean fowl,

LEV 11:13 (174)
13 And these are they which ye shall have in abomination among the fowls; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the ospray,

175-creeping things that fly

DEU 14:19 (175)
19 And every creeping thing that flieth is unclean unto you: they shall not be eaten.

176-creatures that creep on the ground

LEV 11:41 (176)
41 And every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth shall be an abomination; it shall not be eaten.

177-reptiles,

LEV 11:44 (177)
44 For I am the LORD your God: ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be holy; for I am holy: neither shall ye defile yourselves with any manner of creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

178-worms found in fruit or produce or

LEV 11:42 (178)
42 Whatsoever goeth upon the belly, and whatsoever goeth upon all four, or whatsoever hath more feet among all creeping things that creep upon the earth, them ye shall not eat; for they are an abomination.

179-any detestable creature. An animal that has died naturally

LEV 11:43 (179)
43 Ye shall not make yourselves abominable with any creeping thing that creepeth, neither shall ye make yourselves unclean with them, that ye should be defiled thereby.

180-is forbidden for consumption as is

DEU 14:21 (180)
21 Ye shall not eat of anything that dieth of itself: thou shalt give it unto the stranger that is in thy gates, that he may eat it; or thou mayest sell it unto an alien: for thou art an holy people unto the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.

181-a torn or mauled animal. One must not eat

EXO 22:30 (181)
30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen, and with thy sheep: seven days it shall be with his dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it me.

182-any limb taken from a living animal. Also prohibited is

DEU 12:23 (182)
23 Only be sure that thou eat not the blood: for the blood is the life; and thou mayest not eat the life with the flesh.

183-the sinew of the thigh (gid ha-nasheh) as is

GEN 32:32 (183)
32 Therefore the children of Israel eat not of the sinew which shrank, which is upon the hollow of the thigh, unto this day: because he touched the hollow of Jacob's thigh in the sinew that shrank.

184-blood and

LEV 7:26 (184)
26 Moreover ye shall eat no manner of blood, whether it be of fowl or of beast, in any of your dwellings.

185-certain types of fat (helev). It is forbidden

LEV 7:23 (185)
23 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, Ye shall eat no manner of fat, of ox, or of sheep, or of goat.

186-to cook meat together with milk or

EXO 23:19 (186)
19 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring into the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.

187-eat of such a mixture. It is also forbidden to eat

EXO 34:26 (187)
26 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring unto the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.

188-of an ox condemned to stoning (even should it have been properly slaughtered). One may not eat

EXO 21:28 (188)
28 If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die: then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be quit.

189-bread made of new corn or the new corn itself, either

190-roasted or

191-green, before the *omer offering has been brought on the 16th of nisan. You may not eat

LEV 23:14 (189-191)
14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

192- * orlah or

LEV 19:23 (192)
23 And when ye shall come into the land, and shall have planted all manner of trees for food, then ye shall count the fruit thereof as uncircumcised: three years shall it be as uncircumcised unto you: it shall not be eaten of.

193-the growth of mixed planting in the vineyard (see * Mixed species). Any use of

DEU 22:9 (193)
9 Thou shalt not sow thy vineyard with divers seeds: lest the fruit of thy seed which thou hast sown, and the fruit of thy vineyard, be defiled.

194-wine libations to idols is prohibited, as is

DEU 32:38 (194)
38 Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of their drink offerings? let them rise up and help you, and be your protection.

195-gluttony and drunkenness. One may not eat anthing on

LEV 19:26 (195)
26 Ye shall not eat any thing with the blood: neither shall ye use enchantment, nor observe times.

DEU 21:20 (195)
20 And they shall say unto the elders of his city, This our son is stubborn and rebellious, he will not obey our voice; he is a glutton, and a drunkard.

196-the * day of atonement. During * Passover it is forbidden to eat

LEV 23:29 (196)
29 For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.

197-leaven (* hamez) or

EXO 13:3 (197)
3 And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten.

198-anything containing an admixture of such. This is also forbidden

EXO 13:20 (198)
20 And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.

199-after the middle of the 14th of nisan (the day before Passover). During Passover no leaven may be

DEU 16:3 (199)
3 And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Moses spake unto the children of Israel, according unto all that the LORD had given him in commandment unto them;

200-seen or

EXO 13:7 (200)
7 Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy quarters.

201-found in your possession.

EXO 12:19 (201)
19 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land.

NAZARITES COMMANDMENTS

202-A Nazarite may not drink 202-wine or any beveridge made from grapes; he may not eat

203-fresh grapes,

204-dried grapes,

NUM 6:3 (202-204)
3 He shall separate himself from wine and strong drink, and shall drink no vinegar of wine, or vinegar of strong drink, neither shall he drink any liquor of grapes, nor eat moist grapes, or dried.

205-grape seeds or

206-grape peel. He may not render himself

NUM 6:4 (205-206)
4 All the days of his separation shall he eat nothing that is made of the vine tree, from the kernels even to the husk.

207-ritually impure for his dead nor may he

NUM 6:7 (207)
7 He shall not make himself unclean for his father, or for his mother, for his brother, or for his sister, when they die: because the consecration of his God is upon his head.

208-enter a tent in which there is a corpse. He must not

LEV 21:11 (208)
11 Neither shall he go in to any dead body, nor defile himself for his father, or for his mother;

209-shave his hair.

NUM 6:5 (209)
5 All the days of the vow of his separation there shall no razor come upon his head: until the days be fulfilled, in the which he separateth himself unto the LORD, he shall be holy, and shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow.

AGRICULTURE COMMANDMENTS

210-It is forbidden 210-to reap the whole of the field without leaving the corners for the poor; it is also forbidden to

LEV 23:22 (210)
22 And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God.

211-gather up the ears of corn that fall during reaping or to harvest

LEV 19:9 (211)
9 And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly reap the corners of thy field, neither shalt thou gather the gleanings of thy harvest.

212-the misformed clusters of grapes or

213-the grapes that fall or to

LEV 19:10 (212-213)
10 And thou shalt not glean thy vineyard, neither shalt thou gather every grape of thy vineyard; thou shalt leave them for the poor and stranger: I am the LORD your God.

214-return to take a forbidden sheaf. You must not

DEU 24:19 (214)
19 When thou cuttest down thine harvest in thy field, and hast forgot a sheaf in the field, thou shalt not go again to fetch it: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow: that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hands.

215-sow different species of seed together or

LEV 19:19 (215)
19 Ye shall keep my statutes. Thou shalt not let thy cattle gender with a diverse kind: thou shalt not sow thy field with mingled seed: neither shall a garment mingled of linen and woolen come upon thee.

216-corn in a vineyard; it is also forbidden to

DEU 22:9 (216)
9 Thou shalt not sow thy vineyard with divers seeds: lest the fruit of thy seed which thou hast sown, and the fruit of thy vineyard, be defiled.

217-crossbreed different species of animals or

LEV 19:19 (217)
19 Ye shall keep my statutes. Thou shalt not let thy cattle gender with a diverse kind: thou shalt not sow thy field with mingled seed: neither shall a garment mingled of linen and woolen come upon thee.

218-work with two different species yoked together. You must not

DEU 22:10 (218)
10 Thou shalt not plow with an ox and an ass together.

219-muzzle an animal working in a field to prevent it from eating. It is forbidden to

DEU 25:4 (219)
4 Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out the corn.

220-till the earth

221-to prune trees,

LEV 25:4 (220-221)
4 But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the land, a sabbath for the LORD: thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard.

222-to reap (in the usual manner) produce or

223-fruit which has grown without cultivation in the seventh year ( * shemittah). One may also not

LEV 25:5 (222-223)
5 That which groweth of its own accord of thy harvest thou shalt not reap, neither gather the grapes of thy vine undressed: for it is a year of rest unto the land.

224-till the earth or prune trees in the * Jubilee year, when it is also forbidden to harvest (in the usual manner)

225-produce or

226-fruit that has grown without cultivation. One may not

LEV 25:11 (224-226)
11 A jubilee shall that fiftieth year be unto you: ye shall not sow, neither reap that which groweth of itself in it, nor gather the grapes in it of thy vine undressed.

227-sell one's landed inheritance in the land of Israel permanently or

LEV 25:23 (227)
23 The land shall not be sold for ever: for the land is mine, for ye are strangers and sojourners with me.

228-change the lands of the Levites or

LEV 25:33 (228)
33 And if a man purchase of the Levites, then the house that was sold, and the city of his possession, shall go out in the year of jubilee: for the houses of the cities of the Levites are their possession among the children of Israel.

229-leave the Levites without supper.

DEU 12:19 (229)
19 Take heed to thyself that thou forsake not the Levite as long as thou livest upon the earth.

LOANS, BUSINESS AND THE TREATMENT OF SLAVES COMMANDMENTS

230-It is forbidden to 230-demand repayment of a loan after the seventh year; you may not, however

DEU 15:2 (230)
2 And this is the manner of the release: Every creditor that lendeth ought unto his neighbor shall release it; he shall not exact it of his neighbor, or of his brother; because it is called the LORD's release.

231-refuse to lend to the poor because that year is approaching. Do not

DEU 15:9 (231)
9 Beware that there be not a thought in thy wicked heart, saying, The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand; and thine eye be evil against thy poor brother, and thou givest him nought; and he cry unto the LORD against thee, and it be sin unto thee.

232-deny charity to the poor or

DEU 15:7 (232)
7 If there be among you a poor man of one of thy brethren within any of thy gates in thy land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thine hand from thy poor brother:

233-send a Hebrew slave away empty-handed when he finishes his period of service . Do not

DEU 15:13 (233)
13 And when thou sendest him out free from thee, thou shalt not let him go away empty:

234-dun your debtor when you know that he cannot pay. It is forbidden to

EXO 22:24 (234)
24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

235-lend to or

LEV 25:37 (235)
37 Thou shalt not give him thy money upon usury, nor lend him thy victuals for increase.

236-borrow from another Jew at interest or

DEU 23:20 (236)
20 Unto a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury; but unto thy brother thou shalt not lend upon usury: that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all that thou settest thine hand to in the land whither thou goest to possess it.

237-participate in an agreement involving interest either as a guarantor, witness, or writer of the contract. Do not

EXO 22:24 (237)
24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

238-delay payment of wages. You may not

LEV 19:13 (238)
13 Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbor, neither rob him: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.

239-take a pledge from a debtor by violence,

DEU 24:10 (239)
10 When thou dost lend thy brother any thing, thou shalt not go into his house to fetch his pledge.

240-keep a poor man's pledge when he needs it,

DEU 24:12 (240)
12 And if the man be poor, thou shalt not sleep with his pledge:

241-take any pledge from a window or

DEU 24:17 (241)
17 Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:

242-from any debtor if he earns his living with it. Kidnaping

DEU 24:6 (242)
6 No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he taketh a man's life to pledge.

243-a Jew is forbidden. Do not

EXO 20:13 (243)
13 Thou shalt not kill.

244-steal or

LEV 19:11 (244)
11 Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another.

245-rob by violence. Do not

LEV 19:13 (245)
13 Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbor, neither rob him: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.

246-remove a land marker or

LEV 19:14 (246)
14 Thou shalt not curse the deaf, nor put a stumbling-block before the blind, but shalt fear thy God: I am the LORD.

247-defraud. It is forbidden

LEV 19:13 (247)
13 Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbor, neither rob him: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.

248-to deny receipt of a loan or a deposit or

249-to swear falsely regarding another man's property. You must not

LEV 19:11 (248-249)
11 Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another.

250-decieve anybody in business. You must not

LEV 25:14 (250)
14 And if thou sell ought unto thy neighbor, or buyest ought of thy neighbor's hand, ye shall not oppress one another:

251-mislead a man even verbally. It is forbidden to harm the stranger amoung you

LEV 25:17 (251)
17 Ye shall not therefore oppress one another; but thou shalt fear thy God: for I am the LORD your God.

252-verbally or

253-do him injury in trade. You may not

EXO 22:20 (252-253)
20 He that sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed.

254-return or

DEU 23:16 (254)
16 He shall dwell with thee, even among you, in that place which he shall choose in one of thy gates, where it liketh him best: thou shalt not oppress him.

255-otherwise take advantage of, a slave who has fled to the land of Israel from his master, even if his master is a Jew. Do not

DEU 23:17 (255)
17 There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel.

256-afflict the widow or the orphan. You may not

EXO 22:21 (256)
21 Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

257-misuse or

LEV 25:39 (257)
39 And if thy brother that dwelleth by thee be waxen poor, and be sold unto thee; thou shalt not compel him to serve as a bondservant:

258-sell a Hebrew slave; do not

LEV 25:42 (258)
42 For they are my servants, which I brought forth out of the land of Egypt: they shall not be sold as bondmen.

259-treat him cruelly or

LEV 25:43 (259)
43 Thou shalt not rule over him with rigor; but shalt fear thy God.

260-allow a heathen to mistreat him. You must not

LEV 25:53 (260)
53 And as a yearly hired servant shall he be with him: and the other shall not rule with rigor over him in thy sight.

261-sell your Hebrew maidservant or, if you marry her

EXO 21:8 (261)
8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.

262-without food, clothing, and conjugal rights from her. You must not

EXO 21:10 (262)
10 If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

263-sell a female captive or

264-treat her as a slave. Do not

DEU 21:14 (263-264)
14 And it shall be, if thou have no delight in her, then thou shalt let her go whither she will; but thou shalt not sell her at all for money, thou shalt not make merchandise of her, because thou hast humbled her.

265-covet another man's possessions even if you are willing to pay for them. Even

EXO 20:17 (265)
17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbor's.

266-the desire alone is forbidden. A worker must not

DEU 5:18 (266)
18 Neither shalt thou commit adultery.

267-cut down standing corn during his work or

268-take more fruit than he can eat. One must not

DEU 23:25 (267-268)
25 When thou comest into the standing corn of thy neighbor, then thou mayest pluck the ears with thine hand; but thou shalt not move a sickle unto thy neighbor's standing corn.

269-turn away from a lost article which is to be returned to its owner nor may you

DEU 22:3 (269)
3 In like manner shalt thou do with his ass; and so shalt thou do with his raiment; and with all lost thing of thy brother's, which he hath lost, and thou hast found, shalt thou do likewise: thou mayest not hide thyself.

270-refuse to help a man or an animal which is collapsing under its burden. It is forbidden to

EXO 23:5 (270)
5 If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help him, thou shalt surely help with him.

271-defraud with weights and measures or even

LEV 19:35 (271)
35 Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment, in meteyard, in weight, or in measure.

272-to possess inaccurate weights.

DEU 25:13 (272)
13 Thou shalt not have in thy bag divers weights, a great and a small.



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