Thursday, March 03, 2011



DANIEL 7:23-24
23 Thus he said, The fourth beast(THE EU,REVIVED ROME) shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth,(7TH WORLD EMPIRE) which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.(TRADE BLOCKS)
24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise:(10 NATIONS) and another shall rise after them;(#11 SPAIN) and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings.(BE HEAD OF 3 KINGS OR NATIONS).







NORTH - RUSSIA EZEK 38:1-2, 39:1-2
EAST - CHINA DAN 11:44,REV 16:12

The Tonka Report Real News In A Changing World-US And Canada Agree To Swap Troops February 24, 2011: Ottawa Citizen /

This is treason by our governments! - SJH

Canada and the U.S. have signed an agreement that paves the way for the militaries from either nation to send troops across each other’s borders during an emergency, but some are questioning why the Harper government has kept silent on the deal.
Neither the Canadian government nor the Canadian Forces announced the new agreement, which was signed Feb. 14 in Texas.The U.S. military’s Northern Command, however, publicized the agreement with a statement outlining how its top officer, Gen. Gene Renuart, and Canadian Lt.-Gen. Marc Dumais, head of Canada Command, signed the plan, which allows the military from one nation to support the armed forces of the other nation during a civil emergency.The new agreement has been greeted with suspicion by the left wing in Canada and the right wing in the U.S. The left-leaning Council of Canadians, which is campaigning against what it calls the increasing integration of the U.S. and Canadian militaries, is raising concerns about the deal.It’s kind of a trend when it comes to issues of Canada-U.S. relations and contentious issues like military integration. We see that this government is reluctant to disclose information to Canadians that is readily available on American and Mexican websites, said Stuart Trew, a researcher with the Council of Canadians.Trew said there is potential for the agreement to militarize civilian responses to emergency incidents. He noted that work is also underway for the two nations to put in place a joint plan to protect common infrastructure such as roadways and oil pipelines. Are we going to see (U.S.) troops on our soil for minor potential threats to a pipeline or a road? he asked.Trew also noted the U.S. military does not allow its soldiers to operate under foreign command so there are questions about who controls American forces if they are requested for service in Canada. We don’t know the answers because the government doesn’t want to even announce the plan, he said.

But Canada Command spokesman Commander David Scanlon said it will be up to civilian authorities in both countries on whether military assistance is requested or even used.He said the agreement is benign and simply sets the stage for military-to-military co-operation if the governments approve. But there’s no agreement to allow troops to come in, he said. It facilitates planning and co-ordination between the two militaries. The allow piece is entirely up to the two governments.If U.S. forces were to come into Canada they would be under tactical control of the Canadian Forces but still under the command of the U.S. military, Scanlon added.News of the deal, and the allegation it was kept secret in Canada, is already making the rounds on left-wing blogs and Internet sites as an example of the dangers of the growing integration between the two militaries.On right-wing blogs in the U.S. it is being used as evidence of a plan for a North American union where foreign troops, not bound by U.S. laws, could be used by the American federal government to override local authorities. Co-operative militaries on Home Soil! notes one website. The next time your town has a national emergency, don’t be surprised if Canadian soldiers respond. And remember — Canadian military aren’t bound by posse comitatus.Posse comitatus is a U.S. law that prohibits the use of federal troops from conducting law enforcement duties on domestic soil unless approved by Congress.Scanlon said there was no intent to keep the agreement secret on the Canadian side of the border. He noted it will be reported on in the Canadian Forces newspaper next week and that publication will be put on the Internet. Scanlon said the actual agreement hasn’t been released to the public as that requires approval from both nations. That decision has not yet been taken, he added.Canadian And U.S. Marines Conduct Room Clearing Training.The Tonka Report Editor’s Note: This is being done because foreign troops will have no problem firing on civilians from another country. This has been done throughout history… - SJH

Link to original article below…


Baylor Hosts President Bush, Mexican President Fox And Canadian Prime Minister Martin For Historic Meeting March 23, 2005 by Lori Scott Fogleman

Video of the March 23 news conference in Baylor's Barfield Drawing Room with President Bush, President Fox and Prime Minister Martin is available via streaming video at Baylor University welcomed President George W. Bush, Mexican President Vicente Fox and Canadian Prime Minister Paul Martin on March 23 for meetings the leaders said provide a framework for the next generation of trilateral relations between the North American countries. The meeting was followed by a working lunch at President Bush's ranch in Crawford, less than 25 minutes away from the Baylor campus.The leaders of the United States, Mexico and Canada arrived by motorcade at Baylor's Armstrong Browning Library, the location for the meetings on the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America.

Renowned Library Provides Meeting Site

Baylor President Robert B. Sloan Jr. greeted President Bush and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice at Armstrong Browning, the library world-renowned for its collection of book and mansucript holdings related to Victorian poets, Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning. The stately library was chosen by White House staff as the site of the meetings because of its impressive features, such as its bronze doors, stained glass windows, paneled walls, polished floors and antique furniture that reflect the lives and works of the two poets.Sloan said he spent about 20 minutes discussing various issues with the President and Secretary Rice, during which President Bush expressed great appreciation for Baylor University.By Mr. Bush's request, Sloan also welcomed the arrival of both President Fox and Prime Minister Martin. Other members of President Bush's cabinet that attended the meetings included Chief of Staff Andrew H. Card Jr., Secretary of Commerce Carlos M. Gutierrez, Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff, National Security Adviser Stephen Hadley, and Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff Joseph Hagin. It is an honor for Baylor University to host the leaders of the United States, Canada and Mexico, Sloan said. Here at Baylor, we want to teach our students to serve. Baylor today had the opportunity to serve on behalf of our country and the world, and it is a tremendous privilege for Baylor to host this trilateral meeting.Mr. Bush remembered very favorably, Sloan said, the President's Economic Forum, which was hosted by Baylor in August 2002, as well as the visit of Russian President Vladimir Putin, who was a guest at the President's ranch in Crawford in November 2001. For both events, Baylor hosted an array of special guests, including cabinet members, White House and State Department staff, Fortune 500 company CEOs and hundreds of journalists from all over the world, who filed their stories from a media center set up in the McLane Student Life Center.

Table A Work of Art

President Bush, President Fox and Prime Minister Martin held their high-level talks in Armstrong Browning's John Leddy-Jones Research Hall, an exquisite reading room for Browning scholars and students. However, the presidential meeting added an additional work of art to the room - a custom-built, 18-foot round table, with 18 chairs for the leaders, their cabinet members and ministers, and other staff. We searched all over the United States for a table, but when we couldn't find one to the president's specifications, we contacted a Waco company, C.M. Trautschold Millwork Co., who also did the cabinet work in Baylor Law School and the woodwork in the Baylor Sciences Building,said Rick Creel, associate vice president for operations and facilities at Baylor. Creel said Trautschold built the 19-piece, solid wood, stained table in 48 hours, with its center embossed with the meeting's logo design. Baylor carpenters also fashioned a plaque for the table that read, "For the exclusive use of the trilateral meeting.After the meeting, the table will be taken apart, crated and stored.But hopefully it will be on display someday here at Baylor,Creel said.

News Conference

The leaders also held a meeting on the other side of Armstrong Browning, in the library's Treasure Room, a dignified, dark-paneled room that displays some of the library's extraordinary collections of Browning items. At the conclusion of the meetings, President Bush, President Fox and Prime Minister Martin departed the library by motorcade and drove through the Baylor campus to the Bill Daniel Student Center for a news conference in Barfield Drawing Room.The elegant room was transformed into a working media center, with platforms and seating areas arranged to accommodate more than 120 television and print journalists and photographers, as well as several dignitaries from each country. White House staff members also spent the week searching for the right look for the staging and news conference background. In the end, designers covered the room's stylish archways with a mosaic of each country's flags that created a stained glass effect behind each leader. Baylor's been fantastic, said Scott Sforza, deputy assistant to the president/deputy director of communications. I have never worked with better people in my life.Once the news conference began, President Bush, President Fox and Prime Minister Martin appeared under a canopy of Mexican, American and Canadian flags, with Mr. Bush beginning with news conference with some gracious words for Baylor. (Click here for a transcript of today's news conference.).It's my honor to welcome two friends to Baylor University, the President said.First, I want to thank the Baylor University family for providing these facilities for us. Your hospitality is awesome.I want to also gratitude for this wonderful reception, for this wonderful facility here at Baylor University, and of course, my gratitude to the authorities here in Waco, the venue of this important event,said President Fox. It's a real pleasure to be here in Texas and to stand with President Bush and President Fox as representatives of a strong North America, Prime Minister Martin said.We represent three sovereign nations that have formed one of the most successful partnerships in the world.

The leaders then announced the establishment of the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America and took questions from the media on the new accord, as well as the Terri Schiavo case in Florida and Secretary of State Rice's recent visit to Asia. President Bush, President Fox and Prime Minister Martin then exited the student center and traveled to Mr. Bush's Crawford ranch for a working lunch.

Baylor Student Body President Jeff Leach attended the news conference, although the high level of security surrounding the talks did not allow for much participation for Baylor faculty and students.To have our campus as the site for this meeting is both a blessing and a privilege, Leach said. Our students realize that colleges all over the country don't often have an opportunity to see the presidential motorcade, much less to hold a news conference with three world leaders in our Student Union Building.Just by holding this trilateral meeting on the Baylor campus has provided great energy for any discussions on current political affairs, said President Sloan. It has provided a tremendous academic experience simply by having President Bush, President Fox and Prime Minister Martin at Baylor.Sloan's comments were echoed by Dr. Joseph McKinney, professor of economics and The Ben H. Williams Professor of International Economics, and Dr. Victor Hinojosa, assistant professor of political science. Both faculty members attended the news conference as resources for reporters on the North American Free Trade Agreement and U.S./Mexico relations. Having three heads of state on campus provides a lot to talk about in class,said Hinojosa, who teaches Government and Politics of Mexico (PSC 4304), a survey of Mexican politics in the 20th century. Hinojosa's fluency in Spanish also provided the Baylor alum with several interview opportunities with members of the Mexican media, as well as American journalists.

Baylor Staff Steps Up

An event of this magnitude doesn't just happen overnight. Baylor staff members began meeting with the White House, the Secret Service and delegations from Mexico and Canada only a week ago to prepare for the trilateral meeting.More than 25 members of Baylor's facilities services staff, under manager Don Bagby, were responsible for taking care of a variety of needs, from providing electrical power and building staging to erecting security tents and moving furniture.We installed three generators and ran one-and-a-half miles of power cable, Bagby said. We built the staging for the media and the stage for leaders, and we even provided services like interior design, with Lois Ferguson getting holding rooms ready for the leaders and their delegations.Bob Hartland's staff in Internet networks and services installed 110 phone lines, 80 hard network lines and some wireless access for White House staff, each country's delegation and accompanying media in three separate venues - Armstrong Browning Library, Bill Daniel Student Center and Roxy Grove Hall.That was a real challenge, but I have some terrific people, such as Stacey Benningfield, (director of telecommunications operations) and his staff, Scott Day (manager of network services) and his group, and Bill Lechner (coordinator of network special projects) and his staff.The first floor of the student center was quickly turned into a media hub, with the CUB area a filing center for Mexico's press, the BEAR Food Court a temporary editing suite and studio for CNN, and the DEN student lounge a filing center for Canadian press.I am extraordinarily proud of the staff in operations and facilities, who dedicated many overtime hours away from their families and even from their spring break to make this meeting a success, Rick Creel said. Don Bagby, Chris Krause and their teams really stepped up and were instrumental in answering every request of the White House and the Secret Service. One agent said that they had not had this level of cooperation with another other venue, and they were very pleased.

Secret Banff Meeting of CEOs and the Defense Establishment : Militarization and the Deconstruction of North America by Michel Chossudovsky Global Research, September 19, 2006

Cabinet ministers, top military brass together with North America's top corporate executives mingle in the plush surroundings of the Fairmont Banff Springs Hotel. This secret venue on Continental Prosperity in the New Security Environment focused on Deep Integration, which largely consists in flushing national sovereignty in favor of Fortress North America. According to the draft program (see below), Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld traveled to Banff, Alberta to deliver the keynote address on military to military cooperation. Canada's Minister of Public Security Stockwell Day focused his address on issues of North American public security.Top brass from the US and Canada were in attendance. Canada's Minister of Defense Gordon O'Connor was present together with Chief of Defense Staff, General Rick Hellier.There was, however, no confirmation that Canada's Prime Minister Stephen Harper attended the meetings.On the US side, several of Rumsfeld's top policy advisers were present alongside a handful of researchers and consultants.The commander of US NorthCom Admiral Tim Keating was also in attendance with several of his senior staff members. Keating is also Commander of NORAD, which is slated to be merged with US NorthCom.

Deep Integration

Deep Integration was first enunciated by The Independent Task Force for North America, led on the Canadian side by former Liberal deputy prime minister, John Manley together with Tom Aquino, president of the Canadian Council of Chief Executives. The task force led by US, Canadian and Mexican officials was sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR).D’Aquino and his partners in a corporate task force, former deputy prime minister John Manley and former finance minister Michael Wilson, tell us that by integrating ever more into the U.S. we will somehow guarantee our prosperity, creating fortress North America to compete with China, Europe, and other competitors.(Murray Dobbin, April 2005)In 2005, Manley’s task force released its Trinational Call for a North American Economic and Security Community by 2010.Both Aquino and Manley are participants in the Banff venue, which essentially constitutes a follow-up to the CFR sponsored initiative. Another central theme of the Banff conference is the integration of military command structures, which could eventually lead to the scrapping of NORAD and the integration of Canada into US Northern Command.(Chossudovsky, November 2004)The Banff venue was co-chaired by George Shultz, a staunch Republican, former Secretary of State to President Ronald Reagan who later became president and director of Bechtel corporation.

George Shultz

Top execs from the military-industrial complex and the oil companies were present including Lockheed Martin, Chevron, Mexico's PEMEX and Suncor Energy.Top officials and policy analysts from the military's research labs and thinks tanks including Livermore were invited to integrate several of the specialized panels.The meetings focused on the interrelationship between North American defense systems, militarization, national security, borders, immigration, military production and the control over North America's energy reserves.The venue had more to do with profit driven militarization than continental prosperity.No journalists, no press releases, no commentary which might inform public opinion, a total media blackout: The program of this venue, which was a carefully guarded State secret was first revealed by Canadian author and politician Mel Hurtig on an internet posting :Thought you would like to see this. They're at it again. The sellouts, the usual suspects.September 12th to 14th, at the Banff Springs Hotel, a conference on North American Integration.

Among the long list of those who will be there are Perrin Beatty, Peter Lougheed, Thomas d'Aquino, Stockwell Day, Wendy Dobson, Roger Gibbins, John Manley, Anne McLellan, Gordon O'Connor, James Schlesinger, Donald Rumsfeld, George Shultz and a long list of others.Among the topics: A Vision for North America, A North American Energy Strategy, Demographic and Social Dimensions of North American Integration, Opportunities for Security Cooperation.Many prominent high level U.S. government people will be there.Lots of military. Lots of Deputy Ministers.Lock up your valuables. Hide your children.Mel Hurtig

Erratum: a previous version of this text indicated the presence of Five Star Generals at the meeting. This statement was incorrect. Admiral T. Keating and General Rick Hillier are not Five Star Generals.


The list of participants and the draft program dated respectively August 31st and September 1st, were sent out on email lists. [we were not able to verify the accuracy of this draft program and whether all the confirmed participants attended the venue]NORTH AMERICAN FORUM CONFIRMED PARTICIPANTS (Internal Document, Not for Public Release)Report dated August 31, 2006-Forum Co-Chairs: Dr. Pedro Aspe
Hon. Peter Lougheed -Hon. George Shultz

Canadian Participants

Col. Peter Atkinson Special Advisor to Chief of Defence, Staff
Hon. Perrin Beatty Canadian Manufacturers & Exporters
Mr. Peter M. Boehm Assistant Deputy Minister, North America Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada
Mr. Thomas d’Aquino, Canadian Council of Chief Executives
Hon. Stockwell Day, Minister of Public Safety, Government of Canada
Dr. Wendy Dobson The Institute for International Business
Mr. N. Murray Edwards Edco Financial Holdings Ltd.
Mr. Ward Elcock, Deputy Minister of National Defence
Mr. Bill Elliott Associate Deputy Minister, Public Safety
Dr. John English The Cdn Centre for International Governance Innovation
Mr. Brian Felesky Felesky Flynn LLP
Mr. Richard L. George, Suncor Energy Inc.
Dr. Roger Gibbins Canada West Foundation
Rear Adm Roger Girouard, Commander Joint Task Force Pacific, Cdn Forces
Major Gen Daniel Gosselin, Director General, International Security Policy
Mr. James K. Gray Canada West Foundation Mr. Fred Green Canadian Pacific Railway
Mr. V. Peter Harder Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs
Mr. Paul J. Hill Harvard Developments Inc.
General Rick Hillier Chief of the Defence Staff
Mr. Pierre Marc Johnston Heenan Blaikie
Mr. James Kinnear Pengrowth Corporation
Mr. Harold N. Kvisle TransCanada Corporation
Hon. John P. Manley, McCarthy, Tetrault LLP
Mr. Ron Mannix, Coril Holdings Ltd.
Mr. Ron Mathison, Matco Investments
Hon. Anne McLellan, Senior Counsel, Bennett Jones
Hon. Greg Melchin, Minister of Energy, Government of Alberta
Ms.Sharon Murphy, Chevron Canada
Ms. Sheila O’Brien, President, Corporate Director, Belvedere Investments
Hon. Gordon O’Connor, Minister of Defense, Government of Canada
Mr. Berel Roda,l International Center on Nonviolent Conflict
Mr. Gordon Smith, Chairman, The International Development Research Centre

Timeline Of The Progress Toward A North American Union
Posted on Wednesday, August 30 at 16:39 2006 by sthompson

Timeline of the Progress Toward a North American Union
Canadian, U.S., and Mexican elites, including CEOS and politicians, have a plan to create common North American policies and further integrate our economies. This plan goes by various names and euphemisms, such as deep integration, NAFTA-plus,harmonization, the Big Idea, the Grand Bargain, and the North American Security and Prosperity Initiative. Regardless of which name your prefer, the end goal of all of these plans is to create a new political and economic entity named the North American Union (NAU) that would supercede the existing countries. Theoretically, it would be similar to and competetive with the European Union (EU). The individual currencies of each country would be replaced by a common currency called the Amero and everything from environmental regulations to security would be brought in line with a common standard.Vive le offers the following timeline as a resource to educate the general public about the progress of the three countries toward a new North American Union (NAU).

Vive le opposes the creation of the North American Union (NAU) because we believe it will mean the loss of Canadian sovereignty and democracy and hand over more power to giant, unelected corporations. We also believe that unlike the EU, the countries joining the NAU are not roughly equal in size and power and that this means the U.S. will most certainly be setting policy for all three countries. Considering the unpopularity of the Bush administration and its policies in the U.S., Canada, and around the world we believe that erasing the borders between our countries and adopting U.S. policies at this time is a bad idea and will create economic, political and military insecurity in this country. We hope that raising awareness about the plan to create a North American Union (NAU) will create opposition and encourage debate in all three countries, but especially in Canada.

Note: This timeline is a work in progress and will also be updated as events progress. If you notice a correction that needs to be made or an event that should be included, please email


-November 13, 1979: While officially declaring his candidacy for U.S. President, Ronald Reagan proposes a North American Agreement which will produce a North American continent in which the goods and people of the three countries will cross boundaries more freely.
-January 1981: U.S. President Ronald Reagan proposes a North American common market.
-September 4, 1984: Conservative Brian Mulroney is elected Prime Minister of Canada after opposing free trade during the campaign.
-September 25, 1984: Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney meets President Reagan in Washington and promises closer relations with the US.
-October 9, 1984: The US Congress adopts the Trade and Tariff Act, an omnibus trade act that notably extends the powers of the president to concede trade benefits and enter into bilateral free trade agreements. The Act would be passed on October 30, 1984.
-1985: A Canadian Royal Commission on the economy chaired by former Liberal Minister of Finance Donald S. Macdonald issues a report to the Government of Canada recommending free trade with the United States.
-St. Patrick's Day, 1985: Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and President Ronald Reagan sing When Irish Eyes Are Smiling together to cap off the Shamrock Summit, a 24-hour meeting in Quebec City that opened the door to future free trade talks between the countries. Commentator Eric Kierans observed that The general impression you get, is that our prime minister invited his boss home for dinner. Canadian historian Jack Granatstein said that this public display of sucking up to Reagan may have been the single most demeaning moment in the entire political history of Canada's relations with the United States.
-September 26, 1985: Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announces that Canada will try to reach a free trade agreement with the US.
-December 10, 1985: U.S. President Reagan officially informs Congress about his intention to negotiate a free trade agreement with Canada under the authority of trade promotion. Referred to as fast track, trade promotion authority is an accelerated legislative procedure which obliges the House of Representatives and the Senate to decide within 90 days whether or not to establish a trade trade unit. No amendments are permitted.
-May 1986: Canadian and American negotiators begin to work out a free trade deal. The Canadian team is led by former deputy Minister of Finance Simon Reisman and the American side by Peter O. Murphy, the former deputy United States trade representative in Geneva.
-October 3, 1987: The 20-chapter Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement (CUSFTA or FTA) is finalized.
-November 6, 1987: Signing of a framework agreement between the US and Mexico.
-January 2, 1988: Prime Minister Mulroney and President Reagan sign the FTA.
-January 1, 1989: The Canada US Free Trade Agreement (CUSFTA or FTA) goes into effect.
-June 10, 1990: Presidents Bush (U.S.) and Salinas (Mexico) announce that they will begin discussions aimed at liberalizing trade between their countries.
-August 21, 1990: Mexican President Salinas officially proposes to the US president the negotiation of a free trade agreement between Mexico and the US.
-February 5, 1991: Negotiations between the US and Mexico aimed at liberalizing trade between the two countries officially become trilateral at the request of the Canadian government under Brian Mulroney.
-April 7 to 10, 1991: Cooperation agreements are signed between Mexico and Canada covering taxation, cultural production and exports.
-May 24, 1991: The American Senate endorses the extension of fast track authority in order to facilitate the negotiation of free trade with Mexico.
-June 12, 1991: Start of trade negotiations between Canada, the US and Mexico.
-April 4, 1992 Signing in Mexico by Canada and Mexico of a protocol agreement on cooperation projects regarding labour.
-August 12, 1992: Signing of an agreement in principle on NAFTA.
-September 17, 1992: Creation of a trilateral commission responsible for examining cooperation in the area of the environment.
-October 7, 1992: Official signing of NAFTA by Michael Wilson of Canada (minister), American ambassador Carla Hills and Mexican secretary Jaime Serra Puche, in San Antonio (Texas).
-December 17, 1992: Official signing of NAFTA by Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, US president George Bush, and Mexican president Carlos Salinas de Gortari, subject to its final approval by the federal Parliaments of the three countries.
-March 17 and 18, 1993: Start of tripartite discussions in Washington aimed at reaching subsidiary agreements covering labor and the environment.
-September 14, 1993: Official signing of parallel agreements covering labor and the environment in the capitals of the three countries.
-1993: The Liberal Party under Jean Chretien promises to renegotiate NAFTA in its campaign platform, titled Creating Opportunity: the Liberal Plan for Canada and also known as The Red Book.
-December 1993: Newly elected Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien signs NAFTA without changes, breaking his promise to renegotiate NAFTA. U.S. President Bill Clinton signs NAFTA for the U.S.
-January 1, 1994: NAFTA and the two agreements on labour and the environment go into effect, replacing CUSFTA.
-November 16, 1994: Canada and Mexico sign a cooperation agreement regarding the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
-December 1994: The Summit of the Americas is held in Miami. The three signatories of NAFTA officially invite Chile to become a contractual party of the agreement. The Free Trade Area of the Americas or FTAA is initiated. According to the offical FTAA website, the Heads of State and Government of the 34 democracies in the region agreed to construct a Free Trade Area of the Americas, or FTAA, in which barriers to trade and investment will be progressively eliminated. They agreed to complete negotiations towards this agreement by the year 2005 and to achieve substantial progress toward building the FTAA by 2000. See: FTAA
-December 22, 1994: Mexican monetary authorities decide to let the Peso float. The US and Canada open a US$6 billion line of credit for Mexico.
-January 3, 1995: Mexican president Ernesto Zedillo presents an emergency plan.
-January 1995: President Clinton announces an aid plan for Mexico.
-February 9, 1995: Mickey Kantor, the US Foreign Trade representative, announces Washington’s intention to include the provisions of NAFTA regarding labor and the environment in negotiations with Chile.
-February 21, 1995: Signing in Washington of an agreement regarding the financial assistance given to Mexico. Mexico in turn promises to pay Mexican oil export revenue as a guarantee into an account at the Federal Reserve in New York.
-February 28, 1995: Mexico announces the increase of its customs duties on a number of imports from countries with which it does not have a free trade agreement.
-March 9, 1995: President Zedillo presents austerity measures. The plan envisages a 50% increase in value added taxes, a 10% reduction of government expenditure, a 35% increase in gas prices, a 20% increase in electricity prices and a 100% increase in transportation prices. The minimum wage is increased by 10%. The private sector can benefit from government assistance. The inter-bank rate that is reduced to 74% will be increased to 109% on March 15.
-March 29, 1995: Statistical data on US foreign trade confirms the sharp increase in Mexican exports to the US.
-April 10, 1995: The US dollar reaches its lowest level in history on the international market. It depreciated by 50% relative to the Japanese yen in only four years.
-June 7, 1995: First meeting of the ministers of Foreign Trade of Canada (Roy MacLaren), the US (Mickey Kantor), Mexico (Herminio Blanco) and Chile (Eduardo Aninat) to start negotiations.
-December 29, 1995: Chile and Canada commit to negotiate a bilateral free trade agreement.
-June 3, 1996: Chile and Canada start negotiating the reciprocal opening of markets in Santiago.
-November 18, 1996: Signing in Ottawa of the Canada-Chile free trade agreement by Jean Chrétien, Prime Minister of Canada and Eduardo Frei, President of Chile. The agreement frees 80% of trade between the two countries. It is the first free trade agreement signed between Chile and a member of the G 7.
-July 4, 1997: The Canada-Chile free trade agreement comes into effect.
-1997: The US presidency proposes applying NAFTA parity to Caribbean countries.
-April 17, 1998: Signing in Santiago, Chile of the free trade agreement between Chile and Mexico by President Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León of Mexico, and President Eduardo Frei of Chile.
-August 1, 1999: The Chile-Mexico free trade agreement comes into effect.
-September, 1999: The Canadian right-wing think tank the Fraser Institute publishes a paper by Herbert G. Grubel titled The Case for the Amero: The Economics and Politics of a North American Monetary Union. In the paper Grubel argues that a common currency is not inevitable but it is desirable. See: The Case for the Amero
-July 2, 2000: Vicente Fox Quesada of the National Action Party (PAN), is elected president of Mexico, thus ending the reign of the Revolutionary Institutional Party (RIP) that had held power for 71 years. Mr. Fox is sworn in on 1 December 2000.
-July 4, 2000: Mexican president Vicente Fox proposes a 20 to 30 year timeline for the creation of a common North American market. President Fox’s 20/20 vision as it is commonly called, includes the following: a customs union, a common external tariff, greater coordination of policies, common monetary policies, free flow of labor, and fiscal transfers for the development of poor Mexican regions. With the model of the European Fund in mind, President Fox suggests that US$10 to 30 billion be invested in NAFTA to support underdeveloped regions. The fund could be administered by an international financial institution such as the Inter-American Development Bank.
-November 27, 2000: Trade negotiations resume between the US and Chile for Chile’s possible entry into NAFTA.
-2001: Robert Pastor's 2001 book Toward a North American Community is published. The book calls for the creation of a North American Union (NAU).
-April 2001: Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien and US President George W. Bush sign the Declaration of Quebec City at the third Summit of the Americas: This is a commitment to hemispheric integration. See: Declaration of Quebec City
-September 11, 2001: A series of coordinated suicide terrorist attacks upon the United States, predominantly targeting civilians, are carried out on Tuesday, September 11, 2001. Two planes (United Airlines Flight 175 and American Airlines Flight 11) crashed into the World Trade Center in New York City, one plane into each tower (One and Two). Both towers collapsed within two hours. The pilot of the third team crashed a plane into the Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia. Passengers and members of the flight crew on the fourth aircraft attempted to retake control of their plane from the hijackers; that plane crashed into a field near the town of Shanksville in rural Somerset County, Pennsylvania. Excluding the 19 hijackers, a confirmed 2,973 people died and another 24 remain listed as missing as a result of these attacks. In response, the Bush administration launches the war on terror and becomes very concerned with security.
-December 2001: New U.S. Ambassador to Canada Paul Cellucci publicly advocates NAFTA-plus. See: The Emergence of a North American Community?
-December 2001: U.S. Governor Tom Ridge and Canadian Deputy Prime Minister John Manley sign the Smart Border Declaration and Associated 30-Point Action Plan to Enhance the Security of Our Shared Border While Facilitating the Legitimate Flow of People and Goods. The Action Plan has four pillars: the secure flow of people, the secure flow of goods, secure infrastructure, and information. It includes shared customs data, a safe third-country agreement, harmonized commercial processing, etc.
-April 2002: The Canadian right-wing think tank the C.D. Howe Institute publishes the first paper in the Border Papers series, which they have described as a project on Canada's choices regarding North American integration. The Border Papers were published with the financial backing of the Donner Canadian Foundation. Generally the border papers advocate deep integration between Canada and the U.S., and the first border paper Shaping the Future of the North American Economic Space: A Framework for Action by Wendy Dobson popularized the term the Big Idea as one euphemism for deep integration. To read the border papers, you can visit the C.D. Howe Institute website at Use the publication search form (1996 to current, PDF) and choose border papers from the Serie contains drop down menu.
-September 9, 2002: President Bush and Prime Minister Chrétien meet to discuss progress on the Smart Border Action Plan and ask that they be updated regularly on the work being done to harmonize our common border.
-December 5, 2002: The text of the Safe Third Country Agreement is signed by officials of Canada and the United States as part of the Smart Border Action Plan. See the final text here: Final Text of the Safe Third Country Agreement Refugee support groups on both sides of the Canadian-U.S. border criticize the new agreement dealing with refugees for stipulating that refugees must seek asylum in whichever of the two countries they reach first. Critics say that preventing individuals who first set foot in the U.S. from making a claim in Canada will increase cases of human smuggling, and that other refugees will be forced to live without any kind of legal status in the U.S. See for example: 10 Reasons Why Safe Third Country is a Bad Deal
-September 11, 2002: The National Post publishes an article by Alan Gotlieb, the chairman of the Donner Canadian Foundation and Canada's ambassador to the United States from 1981 to 1989, titled Why not a grand bargain with the U.S.? In the article, Gotlieb asks Rather than eschewing further integration with the United States, shouldn't we be building on NAFTA to create new rules, new tribunals, new institutions to secure our trade? Wouldn't this legal integration be superior to ad hoc responses and largely ineffective lobbying to prevent harm from Congressional protectionist sorties? Wouldn't our economic security be enhanced by establishing a single North American competitive market without anti-dumping and countervail rules? Are there not elements of a grand bargain to be struck, combining North American economic, defence and security arrangements within a common perimeter? See: Why not a grand bargain with the U.S.?
-December 6, 2002: The White House issues an update on the progress of the Smart Border Action Plan. See: U.S. Canada Smart Border 30 Point Action Plan Update
-December, 2002: US Secretary Colin Powell signs an agreement between the United States and Canada to establish a new bi-national planning group at the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) headquarters in Colorado Springs. The new bi-national planning group is expected to release a report recommending how the militaries of U.S. and Canada can work together more effectively to counter land-based and maritime threats. See: U.S. and Canada Sign Bi-National Agreement on Military Planning
-January 2003: The Canadian Council of Chief Executives headed by Tom D'Aquino (also a member of the trinational Task Force on the Future of North America) launches the North American Security and Prosperity Initiative (NASPI) in January 2003 in response to an alleged need for a comprehensive North American strategy integrating economic and security issues. NASPI has five main elements, which include: Reinventing borders, Maximizing regulatory efficiencies, Negotiation of a comprehensive resource security pact, Reinvigorating the North American defence alliance, and Creating a new institutional framework.
-January 2004: NAFTA celebrates its tenth anniversary with controversy, as it is both praised and criticized.
-January/February 2004: The Council on Foreign Relations publishes Robert Pastor's paper North America's Second Decade, which advocates further North American integration. Read it at: North America's Second Decade
-April 2004: The Canadian Council of Chief Exectuives (CCCE) publishes a major discussion paper titled New Frontiers: Building a 21st Century Canada-United States Partnership in North America. Some of the paper’s 15 recommendations expand on the NASPI framework in areas such as tariff harmonization, rules of origin, trade remedies, energy strategy, core defence priorities and the need to strengthen Canada-United States institutions, including the North American Aerospace Defence Command (NORAD). Other recommendations focus on the process for developing and executing a comprehensive strategy, including the need for greater coordination across government departments, between federal and provincial governments and between the public and private sectors.
-October 2004: The Canada-Mexico Partnership (CMP) is launched during the visit of President Vicente Fox to Ottawa. See: Canada-Mexico Partnership (CMP)
-November 1, 2004: The Independent Task Force on the Future of North America is formed. The task force is a trilateral task force charged with developing a roadmap to promote North American security and advance the well-being of citizens of all three countries. The task force is chaired by former Liberal Deputy Prime Minister John Manley. It is sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) in association with the Canadian Council of Chief Executives (CCCE) and the Consejo Mexicano de Asuntos Internacionales.
-December 29, 2004: The Safe Third Country Agreement comes into force. See: Safe Third Country Agreement Comes Into Force Today
-March 2005: The Independent Task Force on the Future of North America releases Creating a North American Community - Chairmen’s Statement. Three former high-ranking government officials from Canada, Mexico, and the United States call for a North American economic and security community by 2010 to address shared security threats, challenges to competitiveness, and interest in broad-based development across the three countries. See: Creating a North American Community Chairmen’s Statement
-March 23, 2005: The leaders of Canada, the United States and Mexico sign the Security and Prosperity Partnership (SPP) of North America at the trilateral summit in Waco, Texas. Canada is signed on by Prime Minister Paul Martin. See:
-March 24, 2005: The 40 Point Smart Regulation Plan is launched as part of the SPP agreement. It is a far-reaching plan to introduce huge changes to Canada's regulatory system in order to eliminate some regulations and harmonize other regulations with the U.S. Reg Alcock, President of the Treasury Board and Minister responsible for the Canadian Wheat Board, launches the Government of Canada's implementation plan for Smart Regulation at a Newsmaker Breakfast at the National Press Club. For the original plan and updates see: Smart Regulation: Report on Actions and Plans
-March 2005: Agreement to build the Texas NAFTA Superhighway: A Comprehensive Development Agreement [is] signed by the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) to build the TTC-35 High Priority Corridor parallel to Interstate 35. The contracting party involved a limited partnership formed between Cintra Concesiones de Infraestructuras de Transporte, S.A., a publically listed company headquartered in Spain, owned by the Madrid-based Groupo Ferrovial, and a San Antonio-based construction company, Zachry Construction Corp. Texas Segment of NAFTA Super Highway Nears Construction, Jerome R. Corsi, June 2006, The proposed NAFTA superhighway will be a 10 lane super highway four football fields wide that will travel through the heart of the U.S. along Interstate 35, from the Mexican border at Laredo, Tex., to the Canadian border north of Duluth. Minn. The Trans-Texas Corridor or TTC will be the first leg of the NAFTA superhighway.
-April 2005: U.S. Senate Bill 853 is introduced by Senator Richard G. Lugar (IN) and six cosponsors.The North American Security Cooperative Act (NASCA) is touted as a bill to protect the American public from terrorists by creating the North American Union. The North American Union consists of three countries, U.S., Canada, and Mexico, with open borders, something that is proposed to be in effect by 2010. Thus, it would ensure the fulfillment of the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America. NASCA Rips America, April 2005,
-May 2005: The Council on Foreign Relations Press publishes the report of the Independent Task Force on the Future of North America, titled Building a North American Community (task force report 53). See: Building a North American Community
-June 2005: A follow-up SPP meeting is held in Ottawa, Canada.
-June 2005: A U.S. Senate Republican Policy Committee policy paper is released: The CFR did not mention the Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), but it is obvious that it is part of the scheme. This was made clear by the Senate Republican Policy Committee policy paper released in June 2005. It argued that Congress should pass CAFTA … The Senate Republican policy paper argued that CAFTA will promote democratic governance. But there is nothing democratic about CAFTA’s many pages of grants of vague authority to foreign tribunals on which foreign judges can force us to change our domestic laws to be no more burdensome than necessary on foreign trade. CFR's Plan to Integrate the U.S., Mexico and Canada, July 2005,
-July 2005: The Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) passes in the U.S. the House of Representatives by a 217-215 vote.
-January 2006: Conservative Stephen Harper is elected Prime Minister of Canada with a minority government.
-March 31, 2006: At the Summit of the Americas in Cancun, Canada (under new Prime Minister Stephen Harper) along with the U.S. and Mexico release the Leaders' Joint Statement. The statement presents six action points to insure that the North American Union be in place by 2007. These action points include: 1) Establishment of a Trilateral Regulatory Cooperative Framework 2) Establishment of the North American Competitiveness Council (NACC) 3) Provision for North American Emergency Management 4) Provision for Avian and Human Pandemic Influenza Management 5) Development of North American Energy Security 6) Assure Smart, Secure Borders North American Borders Read the full statement at: Leaders' Joint Statement
-April 2006: A draft environmental impact statement on the proposed first leg of the NAFT superhighway, the Trans-Texas Corridor or TTC, is completed.
-June 2006: Tom Tancredo, R-Colorado. demands superstate accounting from the Bush administration: Responding to a report, Tom Tancredo is demanding the Bush administration fully disclose the activities of an office implementing a trilateral agreement with Mexico and Canada that apparently could lead to a North American union, despite having no authorization from Congress. Tancredo Confronts Super-State Effort, June 2006,
-July 2006:
Public hearings on the proposed NAFTA superhighway begin in the U.S.
-COMING IN 2007: Construction is set to begin on the NAFTA superhighway.
-COMING IN 2007: Another trilateral meeting, to be held in Canada. The six actions towards creating a North American Union (NAU) as set out in the Cancun Leaders' Statement will have been taken in part or in full. re regulations, according to the statement: We affirm our commitment to strengthen regulatory cooperation in [food safety] and other key sectors and to have our central regulatory agencies complete a trilateral regulatory cooperation framework by 2007.
Main Sources:
Vive le, FAQ, Sovereignty vs Deep Integration
North American Forum on Integration, NAFTA Timeline
Free Market News Network Corp, N. AM. UNION TIMELINE
Wikipedia, various entries, [Proofreader's note: this article was edited for spelling and typos on September 1, 2006]

Note: Timeline of the Progres... susan.thompson@viveleca... FTAA The Case for the Amero Declaration of Quebec ... The Emergence of a Nort... Final Text of the Safe ... 10 Reasons Why Safe Thi... Why not a grand bargain... U.S. Canada Smart Borde... U.S. and Canada Sign Bi... North America's Second ... Canada-Mexico Partnersh... Safe Third Country Agre... Creating a North Americ... Smart Regulation: Repor... Building a North Americ... Leaders' Joint Statement Sovereignty vs Deep Int... NAFTA Timeline N. AM. UNION TIMELINE
Contributed By sthompson


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