Saturday, November 20, 2010
5 And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.
1 And I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals,(1ST) and I heard, as it were the noise of thunder, one of the four beasts saying, Come and see.
5 And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar, and cast it into the earth: and there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake.
19 And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.
18 And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great.(THE WORST QUAKE IN HISTORY IN JERUSALEM)
19 And the great city (JERUSALEM) was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath.
20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.
21 And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.
SATAN WAS BOOTED FROM HEAVEN AS OF LIGHTNING AND LIGHTNING IS THE SIGN THAT PEOPLE KNOW JESUS IS BODILY RETURNING TO EARTH IMMEDIATELY.
18 And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.
27 For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
28 For wheresoever the carcase is, there will the eagles be gathered together.(WARLD WAR 3 WILL BE GOING ON WHEN JESUS RETURNS TO EARTH BODILY)
(JESUS RESURRECTION THE 1ST TIME)BUT THESE VERSES WILL ALSO OCCURR AT HIS 2ND COMING TO.
3 His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow:
4 And for fear of him (JESUS) the keepers did shake, and became as dead men.
LUKE 17:24-25 (JESUS IS REJECTED THIS GENERATION AGAIN HISTORY REPEATING ITSELF TODAY)
24 For as the lightning, that lighteneth out of the one part under heaven, shineth unto the other part under heaven; so shall also the Son of man be in his day.
25 But first must he suffer many things, and be rejected of this generation.
LAURIE ROTH AND JACQUELIN FLANAGAN ON BURNS INSIDE NOSE LIKE RADIATION BUT NO BURNS ON THE OUTSIDE SKIN-LAZER ATTACKS-LISTEN HOUR 2 NOV 19,2010
COULD THE GOVERNMENT HAVE MADE A LAZER GUN THAT CAN SHOOT RADIATION INTO PEOPLE WITHOUT BURNING THE SKIN ON THE OUTSIDE BUT ON THE INSIDE YOU END UP BEING RADIATED AND POISONED.THEN THE GOVERNMENT CAN POINT THE LASER AT YOU,WITHOUT YOU KNOWING-SHOOT THE LAZER IN YOUR BODY THROUGH THE WINDOW OR WALLS AND KILL YOU WITH A SHOT OF RADIATION BY GIVING YOU CANCER OR A HEART ATTACK OR ANY DISEASE THEY WANT YOU TO DIE FROM.THIS WOULD NOT SURPRISE ME AS THE NEW WORLD ORDER NUTCASES WANT TO KILL 2/3RDS OF EARTHS POPULATION.UNFORTUNATELY THE BIBLE SAYS 1/2 OF EARTHS POPULATION DIE THROUGH NUKES,SO THE NUTCASES MIGHT JUST KILL OFF THE WORST OF THE PEOPLE AGAINST THE NEW WORLD ORDER-ONE WORLD GOVERNMENT,ABOLISH THE FED MOVEMENT.
Introducing the Particle-Beam Weapon Dr. Richard M. Roberds
Air University Review, July-August 1984
It is not that the generals and admirals are incompetent, but that the task has passed beyond their competence. Their limitations are due not to a congenital stupidity--as a disillusioned public is so apt to assume--but to the growth of science. Captain B. H. Liddell Hart, speaking on weapon-development decisions, 1935
CONSIDERABLE debate has been stirred by President Reagan's recent suggestion that the United States embark on a program that would use advanced-technology weaponry to produce an effective defense against Soviet ICBMS. On the one hand, critics argue that the idea of a defensive system that would neutralize the ICBM threat is naive and, at best, would require large expenditures in the development of a very high-risk technology. Furthermore, they suggest, even if such a system could be developed, it would be too costly and would also be vulnerable to simple and cheap countermeasures. On the other hand, others argue that we must continue to explore such high-technology options until they have been either proved scientifically unachievable or developed into effective systems. If it were possible to build and effectively deploy such weapons, the payoff in terms of national security would be tremendous. And certainly, if this weaponry is achievable, it must be the United States, not the Soviet Union, that first develops it.The advanced technology that has raised the possibility of defeating an ICBM attack is referred to collectively as directed-energy weapons, which gain their unprecedented lethality from several fundamental characteristics. Among their more important features are their ability to fire their bullets at or near the speed of light (186,000 miles a second), which would effectively freeze even high-speed targets in their motion; their ability to redirect their fire toward multiple targets very rapidly; their very long range (thousands of kilometers in space); and their ability to transmit lethal doses of energy in seconds or even a fraction of a second. No conventional ammunition is required; only fuel for the power generator is needed.There are three principal forms of directed-energy weapons: the directed microwave-energy weapon, the high-energy laser, and the particle-beam. Only the last two types have received substantial government support.
Much has been written on the high-energy laser (HEL), and this category of directed energy weapon appears to be well understood by members of the defense community. Laser weapons have been under active development for twenty years and easily constitute the most advanced of the directed-energy devices.In contrast, the particle-beam weapon (PBW) has been the sleeper among directed-energy weapons until very recently. Enshrouded in secrecy, it began as a project sponsored by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (now called Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency better known as DARPA) as early as 1958, two years before the first scientific laser demonstration in 1960. Code-named Seesaw, the project was designed to study the possible use of particle beams for ballistic missile defense. Today while its development lags that of the high energy laser, the particle-beam weapon is viewed by some military technicians as the follow-on weapon to the laser, because of its higher potential lethality.The successful development of a particle beam weapon would require significant technology gains across several difficult areas. But even though the technical understanding to support the full-scale development of a PBW will not be available for several years, the technology issues that pace its development are no difficult to understand. The purpose of this article is to provide a basis for understanding the fundamental technology connected with particle-beam weapon, with the hope of assisting DOD leaders and other members of the defense community in making sound decision about the development and possible deployment of PBWs in the days ahead.
What Is a Particle-Beam Weapon?
The characteristic that distinguishes the particle-beam weapon from other directed energy weapons is the form of energy it propagates. While there are several operating concepts for particle-beam weapons, all such devices generate their destructive power by accelerating sufficient quantities of subatomic particles or atoms to velocities near the speed of light and focusing these particles into a very high-energy beam. The total energy within the beam is the aggregate energy of the rapidly moving particles, each particle having kinetic energy due to its own mass and motion.Currently, the particles being used to form the beam are electrons, protons, or hydrogen atoms. Each of these particles can be illustrated through a schematic of the hydrogen atom, the smallest and simplest of all atoms. (See Figure 1.) The nucleus of the hydrogen atom is a proton, which weighs some 2000 times as much as the electron that orbits the single-proton nucleus. Each proton has an electric charge of a positive one, while each electron carries a charge of a negative one. In the case of hydrogen, the single electron and proton combine to form a neutrally charged atom.The particle beam itself is analogous to a natural phenomenon with which we are all familiar--the lightning bolt. The analogy is so close that particle-beam pulses are referred to as bolts. The particles in a lightning bolt are electrons (an electric current) flowing from a negatively charged cloud to a positively charged cloud or section of the earth. While the electric field in lightning that accelerates the electrons is typically 500,000 volts per meter, these electron velocities are still less than that desired in a particle-beam weapon. But the number of electrons (electric current) in the lightning bolt is nominally much greater. In any case, the phenomenon and its destructive results are very much the same.
Neither the proton nor the electron show any conclusive advantage over the other in their use as the appropriate ammunition of a PBW. The determining factor of whether to use electrons or protons so far has been simply the specific particle accelerator concept planned for use in a beam weapon. Some accelerating schemes call for the acceleration of electrons, while others use protons.The use of a hydrogen-atom beam, however, is not based on the choice of a particular acceleration scheme. Because it is neutrally charged, the hydrogen atom has been selected specifically as the likely particle to be used in the initial space weapon. Neutral atoms would not be susceptible to bending by the earth's magnetic field as would a charged-particle beam. Neither would the beam tend to spread due to the mutually repulsive force between particles of like-charge in the beam. (In the atmosphere, a charged-particle beam will neutralize itself by colliding with air molecules, effectively creating enough ions of the opposite charge to neutralize the beam.)The mechanism by which a particle beam destroys a target is a depositing of beam energy into the material of the target, which might be any material object. As the particles of the beam collide with the atoms, protons, and electrons of the material composing the target, the energy of the particles in the beam is passed on to the atoms of the target much like a cue ball breaks apart a racked group of billiard balls. The result is that the target is heated rapidly to very high temperatures--which is exactly the effect that one observes in an explosion. Thus, a particle beam of sufficient energy can destroy a target by exploding it (although that is not the only means of destruction).In describing a particle beam, it is conventional to speak of the energy of the beam (in electron-volts), the beam current (in amperes), and the power of the beam (in watts). (See Figure 2.) The specific meaning of these terms as they pertain to a particle beam is derived from the close analogy between a particle beam and an electric current.
The electron-volt is a unit of measure for energy. It is the kinetic energy of an electron that has been accelerated by one volt of electric potential. Nominally, all the particles in a beam will have been accelerated to the same velocity, or energy, so it is possible to characterize the energy of a particle beam in terms of the energy of a typical particle of the beam, usually millions of electron-volts (MeV). Hence, a 20-MeV particle beam would be a beam of particles, each with a nominal energy of 20 million electron-volts.A measure of the number of particles in the beam (beam intensity) may be made from the magnitude of the electric current (amperes) in the beam. To be able to assign a current to the beam, it is necessary to assume that each particle has an amount of electric charge equivalent to an electron (even if it is a neutral atom). This assumption enables an electric current to be ascribed to the particle beam, and an indication of the number of particles in the beam is inferred by the current magnitude expressed in amperes.The power of a particle beam is the rate at which it transports its energy, which is also an indication of the rate at which it can deposit energy into a target. Again, the analogy with an electric circuit serves us well. The power developed in an electric circuit is the mathematical product of the voltage (E) and the current (I); its unit of measure is the watt. Since the unit of energy for a particle in a beam is the electron-volt (E), and the beam has an electric current(I)ascribed to it, the power of the particle beam in watts is simply the energy in electron-volts multiplied by the beam current in amperes.
Types of Particle-Beam Weapons
There are two broad types of particle-beam weapons: the charged-particle beam weapon and the neutral-particle beam weapon. The charged-particle variety would be developed for use within the atmosphere (endoatmospheric) and has a set of technological characteristics that are entirely different from the neutral particle beam weapon that would be used in space (exoatmospheric). Primarily, the extremely high power and precisely defined beam characteristics required for a particle beam to propagate through the atmosphere distinguish an endoatmospheric device from a beam weapon designed to operate in space. The development of a power supply and particle accelerator with sufficient power and appropriately shaped pulses for endoatmospheric weapons depends on very high-risk technology and is likely years away.1
The technological problems associated with exoatmospheric weapons are considerable also, but they are not as difficult as those associated with endoatmospheric weapons. Here, the greatest challenge is in the area of directing the beam: the weapon must be able to focus its energy to strike a target that may be thousands of kilometers away. There are two aspects to this challenge. First, the weapon must create a high-intensity, neutral beam with negligible divergence as it leaves the accelerator. Second, the weapon must have a system for aiming its beam at the target. This system must be able to detect pointing errors in a beam (which is itself very difficult to detect because of its lack of an electric charge) and, when necessary, redirect a missed shot toward the target.Because of these two different sets of demands, the endo- and exoatmospheric devices represent two different types of weapon systems in appearance and operation. Nevertheless, there are certain fundamental areas of development that are common to both types of PBWS.
Development Areas for PBWs
The realization of an effective particle-beam weapon depends upon technology developments in five areas. Three of these concern hardware developments, while two others are related to advances in the understanding of beam weapon phenomena. (See Figure 3.)
One of the phenomenological aspects under study is lethality. Lethality refers to the general effectiveness of a weapon in engaging and destroying a target. There is no doubt that a particle beam is capable of destroying a military target. However, a knowledge is needed of the precise effect that a particle beam would have when it impinges upon various-type targets composed of different materials and components. The problem is made more difficult from the fact that the particle beam can vary according to particle type, particle energy, and beam power. To gain such an understanding, beam/target interaction is the subject of continuing technological investigations and studies.In assessing the unique value of a particle beam as a potential weapon system, it is important to consider six characteristics that would give the beam weapon a high degree of lethality.Beam velocity. The particles fired by a PBW will travel at nearly the speed of light (186,000 miles per second). The advantage of such a high-velocity beam is that computing the aim point for a moving target is greatly simplified. The effect of this extremely high velocity is essentially to fix a target, even if the target attempts evasive action. For example, if the weapon were required to shoot at a reentry vehicle (RV) some 50 kilometers distant and traveling at the high speed of 20,000 feet per second, the RV would travel only about 5 feet from the time the weapon fired until it was struck by the beam. It is this aspect of PBWs that makes feasible the task of shooting a bullet with a bullet, as the ABM targeting problem is sometimes characterized.
Beam dwell time. Beam dwell time refers to the time that a beam remains fixed on a target. In an endoatmospheric weapon, the power of the beam would be sufficient to destroy the target instantaneously (in millionths of a second) upon impact, and no beam dwell time would be required. In space, where the required power of the beam is considerably less, some very short beam dwell time may be necessary.2 Rapid-aim capability. The particle beam may be redirected very rapidly from one target to another by means of a magnetic field. This field would itself be generated by an electric current. Varying the current would change the magnetic field intensity, which would deflect the charged particles in the desired direction. Within certain limits, no physical motion of the weapon would be required as it engages enemy targets. This capability to very rapidly aim and redirect the beam would enhance significantly the weapon's capability to engage multiple targets.Beam penetration. The subatomic particles that constitute a beam have great penetrating power. Thus, interaction with the target is not restricted to surface effects, as it is with a laser. When impinging upon a target, a laser creates a blow-off of target material that tends to enshroud the target and shield it from the laser beam. Such beam/target interaction problems would not exist for the particle beam with its penetrating nature. Particle beams would be quite effective in damaging internal components or might even explode a target by transferring a massive amount of energy into it (the catastrophic kill mechanism). Furthermore, there would be no realistic means of defending a target against the beam; target hardening through shielding or materials selection would be impractical or ineffective.
Ancillary kill mechanisms. In addition to the direct kill mechanism of the beam, ancillary kill mechanisms would be available. Within the atmosphere, a secondary cone of radiation symmetrical about the beam, would be created by the beam particles as they collide with the atoms of the air. This cone would be comprised of practically every type of ionizing radiation known (i.e., x-rays, neutrons, alpha and beta particles, and so on). A tertiary effect from the beam would be the generation of an electromagnetic pulse (EMP) by the electric current pulse of the beam. This EMP would be very disruptive to any electronic components of a target. Thus, even if the main beam missed, the radiation cone and accompanying EMP could kill a target. While the EMP and the radiation cone would not be present in an exoatmospheric use of the weapon, there are other possible options in space that are not available in the atmosphere. Many intriguing possibilities come to mind. For example, using lower levels of beam power, the particle beam could expose photographic film in any satellite carrying photographic equipment, or it could damage sensitive electronic components in a satellite.All-weather capability. Another advantage of a particle beam over the high-energy laser in an endoatmospheric application would be an all-weather capability. While a laser can be thwarted completely by such weather effects as clouds, fog, and rain, these atmospheric phenomena would have little effect on the penetrating power of a particle-beam weapon.
propagation of the beam
The successful development of a PBW depends on the ability of the beam to propagate directly and accurately to the target. As we ponder its similarity to lightning, we might consider the jagged, irregular path of a lightning bolt as it darts unpredictably through the sky. Such indeterminacy would never do for the particle beam of a weapon, which must have an extremely precise path of propagation as it traverses the kilometers to the enemy vehicle. This aspect, in fact, may be the Achilles' heel of the endoatmospheric weapon. However, the space weapon, which at this time is envisaged to be a neutral stream of hydrogen atoms, would not suffer from the beam instability problems that may possibly plague a beam of charged particles traveling through the air.Another problem of propagation is possible beam spreading. An increase in beam diameter would result in a decrease of the energy density (intensity) of the beam as it travels toward the target. Over short ranges, a slight beam divergence can be tolerated, but the very long ranges that would be required of the space weapon place a tremendous restriction on the amount of beam divergence that is acceptable.Use of a neutral beam in space would ensure that the beam would not spread due to mutual repulsion of the beam particles. Divergence would come strictly from that imparted by the accelerator. In the atmosphere, however, even if the beam particles were neutral, air molecules would strip the surrounding electrons quickly from the beam's neutral atoms, turning the beam into a charged-particle beam. The charged particles within the beam would then tend to repel one another, producing undesirable beam divergence. But as the beam propagates through the air, it would also strip electrons from the surrounding air molecules, creating a region of charged particles (ions) intermingling with the beam. The result of this phenomenon is to neutralize the overall charge of the beam, thereby reducing the undesired effect of mutual repulsion among the charged particles in the beam that is a cause of beam spreading. Another force that tends to prevent beam spreading is a surrounding magnetic field, created by the current of the charged particle beam. This field wraps itself around the beam and produces a conduit that inhibits beam divergence. (See Figure 4.)
The propagation of a charged-particle beam through the atmosphere is, in fact, the pacing issue for the endoatmospheric weapon. It has been theoretically calculated that specific threshold values of the beam parameters (beam current, particle energy, beam pulse length, etc.) are required for a beam to propagate through air with reliability. While the values of these parameters are classified, no particle-beam accelerator is currently capable of creating a beam with the required parameters.Two crucially important experimental programs are exploring the phenomena of atmospheric beam propagation. The first program, underway at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, involves experiments with an accelerator called the Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA), the construction of which was completed in the fall of 1982. The second program, a joint Air Force/Sandia National Laboratories program, similarly is aimed at investigating beam propagation through the use of a radial-pulse-line accelerator (RADLAC). Continuation of the U.S. program to explore the development of an endoatmospheric weapon will depend on a positive prognosis from these two experimental studies of atmospheric beam propagation.
The fire-control/pointing-and-tracking system of a PBW must acquire and track the target, point the weapon at the target, fire the beam at the proper time, and assess target damage. If the beam misses the target, the system must sense the error, repoint the weapon, and fire again. Much of the technology for this part of the weapon is not unique to a PBW, and its development has benefited considerably from the HEL weapon program, which has involved study of this problem for several years. Moreover, recent advances in radar technology and electro-optics, combined with projected developments in next-generation computers, portend a heretofore unimagined capability in this area of technology.This is not to say that serious development problems do not remain in the area of the fire-control system. Many of the pointing and tracking problems will be entirely unique to a particle-beam weapon and cannot be solved by a transfer of technology from the laser program. Nevertheless, none of these problems are such that they will demand exploration of basic issues in physics and the advancement of the state of the art, as will some other aspects of the beam weapon's development.
The accelerator is the part of the weapon system that creates the high-energy particle beam. It is composed of a source of ions (electrons, protons, or charged atoms), a device for injecting the particles into the accelerating section, and the accelerating section itself. The accelerating section of all conventional linear accelerators is made up of a series of segments (modules) that sequentially apply an accelerating electric field to the charged particles. While the voltage in each segment may be relatively low, the repeated application of an accelerating voltage by the large number of modules ultimately produces very high particle energies.The first subatomic particle accelerators were constructed in the 1930s for scientific investigations in the field of elementary-particle physics. The accelerators used for the first-generation PBW system will be embellished variations of the present-day, linear accelerators (linacs), such as the two-mile-long Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), which is a state-of-the-art device capable of producing electrons with an energy of 30 GeV (30 billion electron-volts).The SLAC represents a class of accelerators known as radio frequency (rf) linear accelerators. The great majority of linacs in operation today are rf linacs. Although such devices can accelerate particles to energies high enough for use as a weapon, they are limited severely in their current-carrying capability and would not be candidates for the endoatmospheric weapon system, since beam power is a product of current and voltage.
The space weapon, however, does not call for the tremendously high beam power required for the endoatmospheric weapon. Its accelerator could be based on the design of a state-of the-art rf linac.3 The major demand for a space weapon is to create a high-intensity (high brightness) beam of neutral atoms with very precise collimation as it exits the accelerator. It is in this area of divergence that the greatest technical problems exist. If the beam were to diverge from a pencil point to only the diameter of a penny after twelve miles of travel, this would represent a divergence of one part in a million (one meter for each 1000 kilometers traveled). A divergence much greater than this would not be acceptable for a space weapon that is to have a range of thousands of kilometers.A second type of linear accelerator is called the induction linac. The world's first induction linac, the Astron I accelerator, was built at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory in 1963. It was designed to produce high electron-beam currents that could be used in a magnetic-confinement scheme for controlled thermonuclear fusion. The Advanced Test Accelerator is art induction linac that grew out of this early accelerator technology. The ATA is designed to generate a 50-MeV beam with 10,000 amperes of current in pulses of 50 nanosecond (50 billionths of a second) duration.4
The fundamental principle of operation (applying successively high voltage across a series of accelerating segments) is the same for both the rf and induction linacs. However, the mechanism for generating the electric voltage within the segments of the two types of linacs is quite different. Compared to the rf linac, the induction linac does not impart as much instability to the beam when a modest current limit is exceeded. Therefore, of the two types of accelerators, the induction linac is the more likely candidate for an endoatmospheric beam weapon (which will require very high beam currents).In examining the Air Force charged-particle-beam technology program, we find that its main thrust is the exploration of nonconventional acceleration techniques (neither rf nor induction linacs), with two main purposes in mind. The first is to develop a means of producing a particle beam with parameters closely resembling those that would be required for successful propagation through the atmosphere, so that beam propagation can be studied in depth and propagation theory refined. To date, a RADLAC I accelerator that has been developed has produced a 10-MeV beam of electrons with a 30,000-ampere current.5 A more powerful RADLAC II is under construction.The second purpose is to develop an accelerator with higher accelerating fields that would permit the building of a shorter device. The nominal accelerating gradient in conventional accelerators is about 5 to 10 MeV per meter of accelerator length. Thus, to produce a 1-GeV beam, a linear accelerator would need to be 100 to 500 meters in length--far too long and cumbersome, particularly if the device were to be carried aboard an aircraft. The Air Force hopes to build a device eventually that will generate a very powerful particle beam with an accelerator of more reasonable length.
power supply technology
Possibly the most difficult technical problem in developing an atmospheric particle-beam weapon is the development of its electrical power supply. To operate an endoatmospheric PBW requires that a tremendous amount of electrical energy be supplied over very short periods of time. Since power is energy divided by time, large amounts of energy over short spans of time translate into extremely high power levels. Building a power supply to produce high power in short bursts involves a very advanced field of technology known as pulsed-power technology.Basically, a pulsed-power device can be divided into three component areas: the primary power source that provides electrical energy over the full operating time of the weapon (prime power source), the intermediate storage of the electrical energy as it is generated (energy storage), and the "conditioning" of the electrical power bursts or pulses of suitable intensity and duration (pulse-forming network) to fire the weapon. Each of these three areas represents a technological challenge.Any electricity-producing device, such as a battery or generator, is a primary power source. The requirement of the particle-beam weapon, however, is for a prime power source that can produce millions to billions of watts of electrical power, yet be as lightweight and compact as possible. A conventional power station could provide the needed power levels, but it would be neither small nor lightweight. There is also a need for mobility in many of the envisaged applications; a power station would not meet this requirement. Some typical prime-power candidates are advanced-technology batteries, turbine-powered generators, or an advanced magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) generator using superconducting circuitry. Whatever the primary source might be, a sizable advance in the present power-generating state of the art will be required, particularly for the endoatmospheric weapon.
Once electrical energy is generated for the weapon, it will likely have to be stored in some fashion. A typical storage method involves charging a series of large capacitors (often called a capacitor bank). Other more exotic methods are possible, e.g., spinning a huge mechanical flywheel or simply storing the energy in the form of a high-energy explosive that is released in a contained explosion. Actually, there are numerous schemes for storing and releasing the required energy; their advantages and disadvantages depend on their particular application (i.e., the type of accelerator that is used and whether the weapon is endo- or exoatmospheric).The pulse-forming network would be designed to release the stored energy in the desired form. In the atmospheric weapon, a single shot or bolt would most likely be comprised of a very short-duration pulse, repeated thousands of times per second. Hopefully, the prime power source would be able to generate energy at least at the same rate as energy was dispatched. If not, the weapon would be required to remain quiescent while its generator rebuilt a charge for another series of bolts.THE development of a particle-beam weapon by the United States is a logical follow-on to the current high-energy laser development program. The weapon's potential lethality against high-speed, multiple targets, coupled with its capacity for selective destruction, would make the PBW particularly suitable for the space defense role. While some of the technological and operational issues to be resolved appear formidable at this time, it is far too early to discount the eventual operational effectiveness of such a weapon. Several scientists have argued that the PBW cannot be built or effectively deployed, creating or exacerbating doubts in other individuals. Yet those so concerned might do well to recall that in 1949, Vannevar Bush--a highly respected national leader with a Ph.D. in electrical engineering who had served as head of the U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development during World War II--argued that technical problems made the development of an effective ICBM virtually impossible without astronomical costs.6 Nine years later, in 1958, the United States had its first operational ICBM, the Atlas.
The PBW offers a possibility for defending effectively against a launched ICBM, and even a glimmer of hope toward this end is worthy of pursuit. Should the United States terminate its exploration of particle-beam technology, we would be opening the door for the Soviets to proceed at their own pace toward building such a weapon. We can ill afford technological surprise in an area as crucial as beam weapons.The current pace of the U.S. program in PBW development is both logical and orderly. Funding levels remain relatively low, as DARPA and the three services continue to focus on the pacing technologies that must be understood if such a weapon is to be built. Since the potential payoff of such activity is tremendous, it seems imperative that the United States continue to pursue the development of PBWs at least at the present level of funding.
Department of Engineering Technology
Clemson University, South Carolina
1. The major technological problems of the endoatmospheric weapon are twofold: to understand and demonstrate the propagation of the particle beam through the air and to create an electrical pulsed-power source capable of generating billions of watts of power in extremely short, repetitive pulses.
2. For a different reason, all high-energy lasers (with the exception of the envisioned x-ray laser) require beam dwell time also. A laser needs such time to burn through the surface of the target.
3. The question of how a beam of neutral atoms might be accelerated in a conventional rf linac may arise in the mind of the perceptive reader. A present approach is to attach an extra electron to a hydrogen atom, accelerate the charged atom in conventional fashion, and then strip off the extra electron by passing the beam through a tenuous gas as it exits the accelerator. This stripping causes the beam to spread slightly and must be controlled if the divergence specifications of a space weapon are to be met.
4. B. M. Schwarzchild. ATA: 10-kA Pulses of 50 MeV Electrons, Physics Today, February 1982, p. 20.
5. Private communication, Lieutenant Colonel James H. Head, High-Energy Physics Technology Program Manager, Air Force Weapons Laboratory, 6 February 1984.
6. Vannevar Bush, Modern Arms and Free Men: A Discussion of the Role of Science in Preserving Democracy (New York. 1949), pp. 84-87.
Richard M. Roberds (B.A., M.S., University of Kansas; Ph.D., Air Force Institute of Technology) is Associate Professor and Head of the Engineering Technology Department at Clemson University. He is a retired Air Force colonel and was the first technical program manager of the Air Force particle-beam technology program, serving in that capacity from September 1975 until July 1977 at the Air Force Weapons Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico. Colonel Roberds is a Distinguished Graduate of Air Command and Staff College and a graduate of the Industrial College of the Armed Forces.
4 And Jesus answered and said unto them, Take heed that no man deceive you.
5 For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many.
11 And many false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive many.
24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect.
25 Behold, I have told you before.
1 TIMOTHY 4:1-2
1 Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils;
2 Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron;
22 For false Christs and false prophets shall rise, and shall shew signs and wonders, to seduce, if it were possible, even the elect.
23 But take ye heed: behold, I have foretold you all things.
2 TIMOTHY 3:13
13 But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.
10 There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch,
11 Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer.
12 For all that do these things are an abomination unto the LORD: and because of these abominations the LORD thy God doth drive them out from before thee.
10 But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves.
11 Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core.
12 These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds they are without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;
13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.
32 Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven.
33 But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven.
BRANNON HOUSE ON FEDERAL RESERVE AND FALSE CHURCHES HRS 1&2 NOV 13,10
CHURCH HOSTS GLOBAL FAITH FORUM FOR WORLD'S RELIGIONS
By Paul Proctor November 17, 2010 NewsWithViews.com
The Christian Post reported recently that NorthWood Church in Keller, Texas, scheduled a Global Faith Forum for Christians, Muslims, Jews, Hindus, Buddhists and atheists in hopes they would listen to one another and even build friendships. The report stated, the forum isn't a gathering of theologians to debate religions, but instead, an opportunity for people of multiple faiths to get to know one another, start conversations, and learn from each other.Yeah, try and find that in your Bible. I guess the Apostle Paul blew it. Just think what he could have learned from that infamous gathering of religious diversity on Mars Hill and all of the friends he might have made if he hadn’t been so intent on preaching Christ.Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God. – James 4:4
The Christian Post piece contained so many unbiblical comments, I hardly know where to start; but start I will, with some curious quotes from NorthWood Church’s senior pastor, Bob Roberts:
1. Roberts:…there is a better way than hate and fear.So, if Christians obey God’s Word, more specifically, the call to come out from among them, and be ye separate, they are being hateful and afraid? Kind of plays right into the whole hate crimes designation being thrust upon bible-believers today, doesn’t it? How gratifying it must be for globalists to have an understanding pastor in their corner.
2. Roberts: I’ve come to acknowledge that theologically there are irreconcilable differences in some of what I believe and what others believe. But, how we relate to others, and how we work together in the world is everything.Everything to whom?
Remember, we’re not talking about irreconcilable differences between Christians here. And, there’s clearly no scriptural directive from the Bible instructing or encouraging followers of Jesus Christ to relate to or work with representatives of the world’s other religions and/or belief systems; but there are, in fact, numerous scriptures to the contrary.
3. He [Roberts] pointed out that evangelicals are not viewed in a favorable light by most of the world.Well, we probably would be if it weren’t for all those intolerant verses of scripture, like Ephesians 5:11, that tells us to …have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them. Furthermore, Jesus never said His followers would be viewed in an unfavorable light; He said we would be hated for His name’s sake.
4. Roberts: It’s time to begin to understand that and change that. The Great Commission demands it…The Great Commission demands no such thing! Nor did Jesus ever say that Christians should set out to win the world’s favor by keeping our theological differences to ourselves for the sake of relationship. These bogus assertions actually undermine the Great Commission and have nothing to do with Christian love at all, but are instead a humanistic approach to ministry, if you can even call it that.Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long suffering and doctrine.– 2nd Timothy 4:2
I’d say the Lord would be better served by our hearing, obeying and proclaiming His Word rather than setting it aside to make friends.
5. Roberts: He (Jesus) shared his views, but he did life with people and shared it along the way…Jesus didn’t share His views – He spoke the Word of God and is, in fact, the Living Word of God – the absolute Truth! To say He shared His views implies that His was just one of many opinions voiced along the way.And, to say He did life only distorts His true identity and purpose, effectively hiding the fact that He is the Way, He is the Truth and He is the Life! (John 14:6)Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness? And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel? – 2nd Corinthians 6:14-15
WHY DO YOU NEED THE SCANNERS WHEN THEY HAVE HAD THESE LAZER BEAM CAMERAS FOR YEARS ALREADY IS MY ?.
Laser beam spy camera joins war on terrorism By Jason Lewis Last updated at 11:01 PM on 25th October 2008 DAILYMAIL
A laser that can scan a crowd and identify people who have been handling explosives is being secretly tested at British airports and railway stations. The device - no bigger than a shoe box - could also be used by police and MI5 surveillance teams to identify Islamic terrorists outside mosques or community centres. The laser can pick out suspects in large crowds and highlight explosive residue on their clothing and luggage.A laser that can identify people who have been handling explosives is being secretly tested at British airports and railway stations It could also be used to guard against terrorists targeting the 2012 Olympics in London. The Explosive Residue Detection system can be covertly attached to CCTV systems and automatically highlights people who may have been handling explosives or who recently fired a weapon. Professor John Tyrer, of Loughborough University, who helped to develop the equipment, said: 'When you handle an explosive, the chemicals -such as Semtex and TNT - leave traces. With this technology we are able to see this telltale residue and identify possible suspects.
Using laser technology we can see the explosives on people's clothes, on their hands or on items like backpacks such as those used by the July 7 London bombers.He added: This equipment could be carried by surveillance teams or could be set up to monitor a street, a railway, airport terminal or national stadium.When the equipment scans a crowd, it alerts an operator when explosive particles are detected. The system uses a combination of lasers and the latest camera technology to produce images showing the suspect and highlighting the explosive traces. Once explosive residue is detected, the system automatically alerts the operator. It does not need to be constantly monitored.Unlike sniffer dogs detecting particles in the air, the system can be operated just a few metres from a target without anyone knowing they are being monitored.Prof Tyrer said the laser system would also pick up people who had legitimate reasons for handling explosives, such as police officers and firearms experts.The team cannot say where their new equipment has been installed, revealing only that its operational uses have been recognised and would include airports, train stations, underground systems and ports, and would prove useful to police forces, forensic services and the military.
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1080665/Laser-beam-spy-camera-joins-war-terrorism.html#ixzz15mvHn9xu
Gerald Celente has moved all his Financial assets to Canada this week NOV 17,10
World renown Trends Forecaster and Savvy Investor Gerald Celente was spotted in Toronto this week where he has supposedly moved his entire Financial Portfolio out of the American Dollar and into the Canadian Dollar.Celente has often said he would get out of the USD totally as mounting US debt would eventually implode the greenback. Celente declined media interviews with local radio shows but did take a tour of the Toronto Stock exchange and strolled down Bay St. Celente made several inquiries into small Canadian Food companies in the organic market in Southern Ontario.Gerald Celente pretty much predicted the present World Financial crisis and said we are going into the next great depression.
TRADE WARS = REAL WARS
WHY IS RUSSIA BUILDING BOMB SHELTERS
Celente: The Government’s Assurance That Body Scanners Are Safe Is Enough To Convince Me They Are Dangerous Trends Research Institute
Thursday, November 18, 2010
KINGSTON, NY, 17 November 2010 — As opposition to full-body X-ray scanners mounts among aircraft crews and passengers, Gerald Celente, Trends Journal publisher proposes a realistic and rational solution.With ample evidence indicating that repeated exposure to doses of radiation poses a health risk, and with naked-body scans clearly violating personal privacy, many are opting out for the personal pat-down alternative.I am one of those frequent flyers that will opt-out for health concerns, said Celente.The government’s assurance that the scanners are completely safe is alone enough to convince me that they are dangerous.Moreover, the fact that full-body scanners were promoted by former Homeland Security Czar Michael Chertoff as the most effective means of detecting hidden explosive devices further raises my suspicions,Celente said.Following last year’s Christmas Day Underwear Bomber episode, Chertoff – who had left Homeland Security to open his own consulting firm – spent the holiday season making the media rounds loudly championing the scanners … while keeping quiet about his firm’s contract with Rapiscan, their manufacturer. (Furthermore, it was established that the bomber could not have ignited the device with matches or the syringe of accelerant in his possession. Only an electronic detonator or extreme heat could have set it off.)
In other words,said Celente,the entire flying public is being subjected to either radioactive contamination or gross privacy invasion so that Chertoff & Co. can make a profit out of these pernicious machines. The pat-down option, an already invasive procedure, has been dramatically upgraded by the TSA into a flagrant full-body grope. Making the pat-down so gross is designed to encourage people to go through the scanners rather than get felt up by strangers. It is my contention that this degrading and disgusting practice is about selling machines, not about ensuring security.The Celente Solution: Just as the Government invariably gets everything else wrong, its grope-the-public strategy is upside-down and inside-out, contends Celente.As a strictly heterosexual, if I’m going to get groped in an airport – be it in public or private – I want to be groped by a gal. Period! And, ideally, I would like to choose my groper. Does the TSA have a Don’t Ask Don’t Tell policy, he asks? What twisted TSA/government bureaucrat put in place this guy-gropes-guy policy? Or are they covertly fostering homosexuality by forcing men to be felt up by other men –all under the guise of security? Celente readily acknowledges that his solution is male-oriented.I’m speaking only for myself and on behalf my guy friends, said Celente,not for women. They’ll have to find their own solution.
Until some such solution is found, citizens of the Land of the Free and the Home of the Brave are going to be subjected to either radiation poisoning or sexual humiliation.Trendpost: Celente says the TSA policy is trend-significant. As it stands, it will serve to discourage air travelers, which will take a toll on the slowly recovering business travel and tourist industry.Holiday destinations within driving distance will attract vacationers who refuse to be scanned or groped. And America’s airport security practices, already under attack by foreign nations as unnecessary and draconian, will further discourage international travelers.
US and Canadian Navy ships damaged hunting unknown Submarine 19 Nov, 2010 | Author: Canadafirst/
Navy ships collide off the coast of Florida.US and Canadian Navy Frigates are on extreme alert hunting unknown submarines on both the Pacific and Atlantic coast ever since China fired an alleged missile off the California coast last week. The latest cover story by the defense departments of both countries is that the two Navy ships collided while transferring cargo.The US lost an F22 over Alaska on Tuesday and Canada lost an F18 the next day, both due to accidents we are told.http://www.ctv.ca/CTVNews/TopStories/20101119/navy-collision-101119/
Things are really heating up off the North American shores. I’ ll keep posting details as I get them.Keep in mind Major Ed Dames remote viewing prediction of a false flag hit on a Navy ship…. in The Atlantic Ocean that starts the next major war.
Remote viewing teacher Maj. Ed Dames discussed some current cases of his Matrix Intelligence Agency, as well as issued some dire warnings over future events. Here is a rundown of what he sees coming:
-In five to six months a powerful quake, probably in the 6.5 to 7 range will hit near Carson City, NV. (see article below for further details).
-In that same time frame, Israel will attack Iran, in what he called an Armageddon-like situation.
-The global economic collapse is just beginning and will be especially bad this summer. Gold will rise in price to $2000 an ounce.
-A coming Bird Flu epidemic will further damage the economy.
-The North Koreans are going to use a nuclear weapon, and the Chinese will allow it. This will further tax US military forces.
-Within five years, the solar killshot will occur, with the sun emitting some very large solar flares. The first series of flares will take down all electrical infrastructure. People may need to be underground, and have fresh sources of water to survive.
-ET races have been observing humankind. Another race similar to humans in appearance will help us rebuild after the catastrophes.
FALSE FLAGS (SET UP OR STAGED BY SOMEONE)
False flag-From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.False flag operations are covert operations designed to deceive the public in such a way that the operations appear as though they are being carried out by other entities. The name is derived from the military concept of flying false colors; that is, flying the flag of a country other than one's own. False flag operations are not limited to war and counter-insurgency operations, and can be used in peace-time.
Department of Justice Tortures Innocent Americans with Directed Energy Weapons NOV 19,10
We have all heard of a possible parallel world but the one that really exists is known to many yet never reported on,There is some conjecture that the 911 incident was preplanned in order to convince the American people that laws must be changed or circumvented so that possible terrorsits could be monitored and stopped before they could enact a crime.That is when George Bush gave birth to the Patriot Act.The Patriot Act allowed Government to use warrentless searches and surveillance on criminals or suspects. What it really enabled was and is the new term targeted Individual.This individual may be an innocent person that became an enemy of a person of power in the community such as a police official, local cop, mobster, state or county official etc,etc.This person's name is submitted to a committee and placed on a watch list. This list may include falsified arrest records and a record of employee violence.These records or purported to be in a list managed by the OSHA as well as others.This person is flagged at every attempy to gain employment,rent a home, and is stalked by members of the community in the style of the Nazi snitch days.He/she is under 24/7 surveillance and harrassment paid for by the $80 billion dollar Patriot Act funding, started by Bush and continued By the O'Bama adminsitration.These things are real and now involve up to 350,000 people in the US. To reseach this takes many hours of reading as it is so widespread, yet unreported in spite of the thousands of stories and complaints.Information and real names and stories of this directed energy torture can be found on the following internet sites,and many more too numerous to mention here.As A talk show host you have shown a glimmer of independence and character, so I am making this effort to inform you of this and hope you will do some of the research on your own and come to you own conclusions.
CHINA AND KINGS OF THE EAST MARCH TO ISRAEL 2ND WAVE OF WW3
12 And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared.(THIS IS THE ATATURK DAM IN TURKEY,THEY CROSS OVER).
DANIEL 11:44 (2ND WAVE OF WW3)
44 But tidings out of the east(CHINA) and out of the north(RUSSIA, MUSLIMS WHATS LEFT FROM WAVE 1) shall trouble him:(EU DICTATOR IN ISRAEL) therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many.( 1/3RD OF EARTHS POPULATION)
12 One woe is past; and, behold, there come two woes more hereafter.
13 And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God,
14 Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates.(IRAQ-SYRIA)
15 And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men.(1/3 Earths Population die in WW 3 2ND WAVE)
16 And the number of the army of the horsemen were two hundred thousand thousand:(200 MILLION MAN ARMY FROM CHINA AND THE KINGS OF THE EAST) and I heard the number of them.
17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone.(NUCLEAR BOMBS)
18 By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths.(NUCLEAR BOMBS)
NUCLEAR WEAPONS WILL BE USED.
3 A fire goeth before him, and burneth up his enemies round about.
18 And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe.
19 And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great winepress of the wrath of God.
20 And the winepress was trodden without the city,(JERUSALEM) and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs.(200 MILES) (THE SIZE OF ISRAEL)
15 For, behold, the LORD will come with fire, and with his chariots like a whirlwind, to render his anger with fury, and his rebuke with flames of fire.
16 For by fire and by his sword will the LORD plead with all flesh: and the slain of the LORD shall be many.
17 They that sanctify themselves, and purify themselves in the gardens behind one tree in the midst, eating swine's flesh, and the abomination, and the mouse, shall be consumed together, saith the LORD.
18 For I know their works and their thoughts: it shall come, that I will gather all nations and tongues; and they shall come, and see my glory.
21 For, behold, the LORD cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity: the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain.(WW3,1/2 earths population die).
ISAIAH 13:6-13 KJV
6 Howl ye; for the day of the LORD is at hand; it shall come as a destruction from the Almighty.
7 Therefore shall all hands be faint, and every man's heart shall melt:(FROM FRIGHT)
8 And they shall be afraid: pangs and sorrows shall take hold of them; they shall be in pain as a woman that travaileth: they shall be amazed one at another; their faces shall be as flames.
9 Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it.
10 For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.
11 And I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible.
12 I will make a man more precious than fine gold; even a man than the golden wedge of Ophir.
13 Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall remove out of her place, in the wrath of the LORD of hosts, and in the day of his fierce anger.
ISAIAH 24:17-23 KJV
17 Fear, and the pit, and the snare, are upon thee, O inhabitant of the earth.
18 And it shall come to pass, that he who fleeth from the noise of the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that cometh up out of the midst of the pit shall be taken in the snare: for the windows from on high are open, and the foundations of the earth do shake.
19 The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly.
20 The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it; and it shall fall, and not rise again.
21 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall punish the host of the high ones that are on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth.
22 And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be visited.
23 Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.
2 TIMOTHY 3:1
1 This know also, that in the last days perilous (DANGEROUS) times shall come.
3 A fire devoureth before them; and behind them a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape them.
30 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.
12 And this shall be the plague wherewith the LORD will smite all the people that have fought against Jerusalem; Their flesh shall consume away while they stand upon their feet, and their eyes shall consume away in their holes, and their tongue shall consume away in their mouth.
13 And it shall come to pass in that day, that a great tumult from the LORD shall be among them; and they shall lay hold every one on the hand of his neighbour, and his hand shall rise up against the hand of his neighbour.
47 And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein.
18 Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the LORD'S wrath; but the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of his jealousy: for he shall make even a speedy riddance of all them that dwell in the land.
1 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.
7 The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.
18 By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths.
HALF OF EARTHS POPULATION DIE DURING THE 7 YR TRIBULATION.(THESE VERSES ARE JUDGEMENT SCRIPTURES NOT RAPTURE SCRIPTURES)
34 I tell you, in that night there shall be two men in one bed; the one shall be taken, and the other shall be left.
35 Two women shall be grinding together; the one shall be taken, and the other left.
36 Two men shall be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left.
37 And they answered and said unto him, Where, Lord? And he said unto them, Wheresoever the body is, thither will the eagles be gathered together.(Christians have new bodies,this is the people against Jerusalem during the 7 yr treaty)(Christians bodies are not being eaten by the birds).
37 But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
38 For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark,
39 And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
40 Then shall two be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left.
41 Two women shall be grinding at the mill; the one shall be taken, and the other left.
42 Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come.
43 But know this, that if the goodman of the house had known in what watch the thief would come, he would have watched, and would not have suffered his house to be broken up.
44 Therefore be ye also ready: for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh.
45 Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord hath made ruler over his household, to give them meat in due season?
46 Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing.
47 Verily I say unto you, That he shall make him ruler over all his goods.
48 But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming;
49 And shall begin to smite his fellowservants, and to eat and drink with the drunken;
50 The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for him, and in an hour that he is not aware of,
51 And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
UNDERSTANDING THE MIDEAST PROBLEM
NATO agrees on Europe-wide missile defence system
by Tangi Quemener - NOV 19,10
LISBON (AFP) – US President Barack Obama and his NATO allies agreed Friday to set up a new anti-missile defence shield across Europe and invite Russia to take part.The deal means NATO leaders will set up a network of radars and interceptors forming an anti-ballistic missile shield extending over Europe and possibly linking with Russia too.I'm pleased to announce that for the first time, we have agreed to develop a missile defense capability that's strong enough to cover all NATO European territory and populations, as well as the United States, Obama said after a first session of the two-day NATO summit in Lisbon.Russia had been fiercely critical of US missile defence plans, seeing them as a direct threat to its nuclear deterrent.But the 28 NATO powers hope President Dmitry Medvedev can be won over in discussions with the alliance on Saturday, the first encounter at this level since Moscow waged a war in Georgia in 2008.NATO chief Anders Fogh Rasmussen has said he expects Russia and the Allies to begin a joint study of Russia's possible inclusion in the missile defence system, which would be a significant softening of Moscow's position.In a strategic concept released Friday setting out NATO priorities for the next decade, the leaders agreed to develop the capability to defend our populations and territories against ballistic missile attack as a core element of our collective defence.We will actively seek cooperation on missile defence with Russia and other Euro-Atlantic partners,they said. Leaders were to discuss the plan in more detail over dinner.
Obama also rallied European allies to his side in his showdown with the US Senate over the ratification of a key nuclear pact with Russia.The message that I've received since I arrived from my fellow leaders here at NATO could not be clearer: new START will strengthen our alliance and it will strengthen European security, the US leader told reporters.Rasmussen warned that any delay would be damaging to security in Europe.The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (START) -- signed by Medvedev and Obama in Prague in April -- restricts each nation to a maximum of 1,550 deployed warheads, a cut of about 30 percent from a limit set in 2002.The broad agreement on the missile shield marks a significant advance for Obama's scheme, first announced in November 2009 when he ditched plans for a missile shield in Eastern Europe, the cause of a Cold War-style row with Russia.Obama decided to replace the shield, the brainchild of US former president George W. Bush, with a more mobile system targeting Iranian short-range and medium-range missiles, initially using sea-based interceptors.Before leaving Moscow, the Russian party said it was keen to share ideas about common missile defence but played down the chances of a major decision realigning the continent's security.Rasmussen said Russia would likely be invited to link up with the NATO missile umbrella rather than merging its defences with those of the alliance, set up in 1949 to contain the Soviet Union.I think, realistically speaking, we can't start by merging our systems into one common missile defence system, Rasmussen said earlier in the day.I think we should think of two separate systems that cooperate. We could exchange information and data and thereby make the whole system more efficient and give better coverage.In addition to wooing the Russians, NATO allies have tiptoed around Turkey's concerns about its sensitive relations with neighbour Iran.
Diplomats here had been discussing publicly identifying Iran as an emerging missile threat but Turkey had refused to countenance this possibility and Tehran did not figure in the document released here. A reminder of the threat that worries NATO: Iran's Press TV said only on Thursday the country had successfully test fired an upgraded version of a Soviet-era missile with the same capability as the Russian-made S-300 system. But Rasmussen has said there is no point in singling out Iran because more than 30 countries either have or are trying to acquire missiles able to strike NATO territory.
Satellite appears to show NKorea nuke building By KWANG-TAE KIM, Associated Press – Fri Nov 19, 7:06 am ET
SEOUL, South Korea – New satellite images show construction under way at North Korea's main atomic complex, apparent proof that Pyongyang is making good on its pledge to build a nuclear power reactor, according to a private American security institute.North Korea vowed in March to build a light-water reactor using its own nuclear fuel, and two American experts who recently visited the North have reportedly said that construction has begun.Light-water reactors are ostensibly for civilian energy purposes, but the power plant would give the North a reason to enrich uranium. At low levels, uranium can be used in power reactors, but at higher levels it can be used in nuclear bombs. While light-water reactors are considered less prone to misuse than heavy-water reactors, once the process of uranium enrichment is mastered, it is relatively easy to enrich further to weapons-grade levels.North Korea is pursuing an arsenal of atomic weapons, so all its nuclear projects are of intense interest to its neighbors and to the United States. It carried out nuclear tests in 2006 and 2009, drawing international condemnation and U.N. sanctions.
The Washington-based Institute for Science and International Security on Thursday released commercial satellite images from Nov. 4 that show a rectangular structure being built, with at least two cranes visible at the complex. It estimated North Korea was constructing a 25 to 30 megawatt light-water reactor.The institute based its estimate on information from the recent trip to Yongbyon by Siegfried Hecker, former director of the U.S. Los Alamos Nuclear Laboratory, and Jack Pritchard, a former U.S. envoy for negotiations with North Korea.It said Hecker told the institute that the new construction seen in the satellite imagery is indeed the construction of the experimental light-water reactor.The institute said the amount of low-enriched uranium needed for a 25 to 30 megawatt reactor could vary depending on the design of the reactor and whether it will be optimized for electricity production or weapon-grade plutonium production.South Korean Foreign Ministry spokesman Kim Young-sun said the construction has yet to be verified and that Seoul was monitoring developments at the site and talking with other countries. Kim said any move to build a light-water reactor would violate U.N. resolutions on North Korea aimed at reining in its nuclear programs.The new satellite imagery comes as North Korea presses for the resumption of international nuclear disarmament talks it quit last year. South Korea and the United States have said North Korea must show its sincerity before those talks can continue.
Washington promised the energy-starved North two light-water reactors under a 1994 deal meant to freeze North Korea's plutonium program. The deal, however, collapsed in 2002 when the United States accused North Korea of running a secret uranium enrichment program — a process that would give it a second way to build nuclear bombs in addition to the plutonium program.After seven years of adamant denials, North Korea said last year that it was in the final stages of uranium enrichment.The Choson Sinbo, a pro-North Korean newspaper in Japan, reported Thursday that Pyongyang was building a light-water reactor as part of its plan to revive its economy ahead of 2012, the 100th anniversary of the birth of the country's founder, Kim Il Sung, father of current leader Kim Jong Il.
AMERICA (POLITICAL BABYLON)
21 And I will set my glory among the heathen, and all the heathen shall see my judgment that I have executed, and my hand that I have laid upon them.
1 Woe to the land shadowing with wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia:
2 That sendeth ambassadors by the sea, even in vessels of bulrushes upon the waters, saying, Go, ye swift messengers, to a nation scattered and peeled, to a people terrible from their beginning hitherto; a nation meted out and trodden down, whose land the rivers have spoiled!
11 Because ye were glad, because ye rejoiced, O ye destroyers of mine heritage, because ye are grown fat as the heifer at grass, and bellow as bulls;(BACKSLIDERS)
37 A sword is upon their horses, and upon their chariots, and upon all the mingled people that are in the midst of her; and they shall become as women: a sword is upon her treasures; and they shall be robbed.(A NATION OF MINGLED PEOPLE)
12 Your mother shall be sore confounded; she that bare you shall be ashamed:(MOTHER ENGLAND) behold, the hindermost of the nations shall be a wilderness, a dry land, and a desert.
13 O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, and the measure of thy covetousness.
7 Babylon hath been a golden cup in the LORD's hand, that made all the earth drunken: the nations have drunken of her wine; therefore the nations are mad.
53 Though Babylon should mount up to heaven, and though she should fortify the height of her strength, yet from me shall spoilers come unto her, saith the LORD.
3 For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies.
5 For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities.
7 How much she hath glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow.
3 For out of the north there cometh up a nation against her, which shall make her land desolate, and none shall dwell therein: they shall remove, they shall depart, both man and beast.
24 I have laid a snare for thee, and thou art also taken, O Babylon, and thou wast not aware: thou art found, and also caught, because thou hast striven against the LORD. (RUSSIA A SNEAK ATTACK ON AMERICA)
9 And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived deliciously with her, shall bewail her, and lament for her, when they shall see the smoke of her burning,(NUKE ATTACK I BELIEVE)
10 Standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas that great city Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour is thy judgment come.
11 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more:
15 The merchants of these things, which were made rich by her, shall stand afar off for the fear of her torment, weeping and wailing,
16 And saying, Alas, alas that great city, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls!
17 For in one hour so great riches is come to nought. And every shipmaster, and all the company in ships, and sailors, and as many as trade by sea, stood afar off,
18 And cried when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What city is like unto this great city!
19 And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas that great city, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate.
20 Rejoice over her, thou heaven, and ye holy apostles and prophets; for God hath avenged you on her.
21 And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all.
I JUST DON'T KNOW WHY AMERICAN GOVERNMENT LEADERS DO NOT BELIEVE GODS WORD.BUT THIS DESTRUCTON WILL COME ON AMERICA FOR NOT LISTENING TO GOD AND READING HIS WORD AND OBEYING HIM AND NOT WORSHIPPING THE EARTH AND MONEY INSTEAD.SO WETHER PEOPLE BELIEVE THE BIBLE OR NOT,THIS DESTRUCTION OF NEW YORK AND WHO KNOWS HOW MANY OTHER CITIES IN AMERICA WILL BE NUKED BY RUSSIA AFTER A EMP ATTACK FIRST,THEN THE RUSSIAN NUKE SNEAK ATTACK STRIKE.ONLY TIME WILL TELL.
Russian parliament revokes START treaty ratification
Published: 04 November, 2010, 10:42 Edited: 09 November, 2010, 18:18
Russia's State Duma Foreign Affairs Committee has repealed an earlier decision to ratify the latest Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty with the US after the American Senate made around 30 amendments to the original version.Among them are clauses stipulating that the treaty does not cover deployment of a US missile defense system, or ballistic missiles with conventional warheads.The presidents of Russia and of the US have set the task of synchronizing all procedures concerning the new START treaty. Nevertheless, now we have to speak not only about synchronizing efforts to keep up with the deadlines, but of synchronizing the contents as well, said Konstantin Kosachev, head of the State Duma Foreign Affairs Committee.
Presidents Obama and Medvedev signed the deal in Prague in April. The START deal would see both countries' nuclear arsenals slashed by a third, and the US Secretary of State is calling for the Senate to vote quickly on the treaty.The US president hopes the Senate will approve the historic nuclear arms reduction deal with Moscow by the end of the year.We have negotiated with the Russians significant reductions in our nuclear arms, President Obama told journalists on Thursday. This is something that traditionally has received strong bipartisan support. This is not a traditionally Democratic or Republican issue, but rather an issue of American national security, and I am hopeful we can get that done and send the strong signal to Russia that we are serious about reducing nuclear arsenals.Mikhail Margelov from the Russian Federation Council hopes the current reset in the two countries’ relations will not be affected by the latest developments.There's nothing wrong with our relations with the Republican Party, he said. All the criticism of the Republicans against [the] START re-agreement, for example, was criticism not against Russian position or Russia’s views against START treaty, but against the position of the democratic government during the negotiations and against Obama. I think reset is not in danger.Watch Spotlight program with Mikhail Margelov.
Obama-GOP showdown over nuclear pact with Russia By BEN FELLER, AP White House Correspondent – Thu Nov 18, 6:24 pm ET
WASHINGTON – Insisting the nation's security could be in peril, President Barack Obama rallied former diplomatic and military chiefs from both parties Thursday to pressure reluctant Republican senators to ratify a nuclear weapons deal with Russia. He predicted he would gain the votes this year, though foes gave him little chance of success.The ratification fight is testing both the power of the president and relations between the world's two nuclear giants. Obama set the stakes ominously high, warning of an unchecked Russian nuclear arsenal, undermined credibility of the United States and unraveling global unity about how to contain a rogue Iran.It is a national security imperative, Obama declared from the White House. He surrounded himself in the Roosevelt Room with respected diplomats and military leaders of the modern era, including those from Republican administrations, in an attempt to portray statesmanship rising above politics.Yet key Senate Republicans held their ground, underscoring Obama's difficulty in rescuing one of his foreign policy priorities. It was an early challenge to his political strength, just two weeks after the Republicans handily won the midterm elections.
It was unclear how Obama could muster the 67 votes he needs in the 100-person Senate to win ratification before Congress ends its current wrap-up session. Discussions took place by the hour Thursday, by phone and in private corners.I remain convinced it's too tall a lift to do it in the lame duck session, but everyone's still talking, said Republican Sen. Jon Kyl of Arizona, whose support is seen as pivotal for his party. Kyl startled the White House with that position earlier in the week, prompting Obama to begin lobbying more publicly and forcefully.The pact would reduce the limits on strategic warheads held by the United States and Russia and would set up a system so each could inspect and verify the other's arsenal. Those points alone are of huge significance to both governments as a matter of mutual security and leadership to a watching world.The broader issue is the strength of the vital U.S.-Russia relationship.Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed the treaty months ago. If the Senate balks, the White House believes Russia's cooperation on other difficult issues could erode. In fact, the two presidents have already discussed the likelihood of that.Russia's support is vital to the United States in providing supply help for the war in Afghanistan, strengthening international pressure on Iran over its nuclear intentions and securing nuclear materials around the globe.
On Capitol Hill, Republican opposition is rooted in varying arguments: doubts about the strength of verification procedures, concerns about whether the treaty would limit U.S. missile defense options, skepticism about whether the Senate can squeeze a vote into a packed, final legislative session.Looming over all that is the prospect that Republicans, still basking in election victories, could deny the president a major foreign policy victory.It would be a serious problem if the Senate does not approve the treaty, said John B. Bellinger III, a legal adviser to the State Department and the National Security Council during President George W. Bush's administration. You can certainly understand that every other country in the world, and particularly major powers like China, the next time they are in negotiations with the United States — this will hurt us if they think our negotiators can't make good on their word.One reason Obama is pressing for action so urgently is that there is no assurance the next Senate, which will convene in January with more Republicans, will ratify the pact anytime soon, if at all. At best, a renewed hearing process could take months.In the current Senate, at least eight Republicans would have to join the Democratic bloc of 59 votes for ratification.I'm confident that we should be able to get the votes, Obama said.Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., sounded not quite as upbeat, telling reporters: We're going to do our best to get a vote on the START treaty.
Once the newly elected Senate is seated in January, Democrats will need the support of at least 14 Republicans. Suggesting how difficult that would be, 10 of the newly elected Republican senators said Thursday they supported Kyl's call for delay. In a statement, they said the nuclear pact would dramatically reduce the U.S. nuclear deterrent.Still, the White House sees an achievable task in winning over Republicans on grounds of national security. It has already promised a sweetener of more than $4 billion over five years to modernize America's nuclear arsenal, a promise aimed particularly to win Kyl's support.Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman John Kerry, D-Mass., met on Thursday with Kyl, the GOP point man on the treaty, and several other Republican senators whose votes would be critical to ratification, including Bob Corker of Tennessee, Roger Wicker of Mississippi and John Thune of South Dakota. Continued discussions are always helpful, said John McCain of Arizona, top Republican on the Armed Services Committee, who attended the meeting. Thune said he didn't think the Senate should vote on the treaty before the end of the year. There are too many unresolved issues, he said. Nevertheless, he said he expected to hear from administration officials in the coming days as they start to turn up the decibel level.Obama was intent on doing that. He entrusted Vice President Joe Biden, a longtime voice in the Senate, to focus on this issue day and night until it gets done.And, along with summoning some of his own top brass, the president brought in what he called some of the most able statesmen from both parties. They included former secretaries of state Madeleine Albright, James Baker III and Henry Kissinger, former defense secretaries William Perry and William Cohen and former National Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft. This is not a matter that can be delayed, Obama said.Every month that goes by without a treaty means that we are not able to verify what's going on on the ground in Russia. And if we delay indefinitely, American leadership on nonproliferation and America's national security will be weakened.Two potential Republican candidates for president — Mitt Romney and Sarah Palin — both have come out against the pact. As for the public, two-thirds of Americans believe the Senate should ratify the nuclear arms reduction treaty with Russia, according to an Associated Press-GfK Poll conducted earlier this month. Besides a strong majority of Democrats, supporters include more than six in 10 Republicans. Associated Press writers Donna Cassata, Desmond Butler, Lolita C. Baldor, Alan Fram and Jim Kuhnhenn contributed to this story.
Obama: NATO backs missile defense system, wants U.S.-Russia arms deal
by David Jackson on Nov. 19, 2010, under USA Today News
President Obama said today that NATO allies have agreed to back development of a missile defense system that will protect all of Europe and the United States — one of the issues behind the debate over a proposed arms reduction deal with Russia.The European allies who make up NATO also want ratification of the U.S.-Russian New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty currently hung up in the Senate, Obama told reporters in Lisbon, Portugal.In addition to being a national security imperative for the United States, Obama said, New START will strengthen our (NATO) alliance, and it will strengthen European security.Senate Republicans have balked at ratifying the treaty, in part because of concern about the impact it might have on any U.S. missile defense system.Missile defense is part of the substantial progress made today at the NATO summit in Lisbon, Obama said: For the first time, we’ve agreed to develop a missile defense capability that is strong enough to cover all NATO European territory and populations as well as the United States.GOP members have also questioned Russian aggressiveness toward its neighbors — and Obama met today with the president of Georgia, Mikhail Saakashvili.In addition to building support for the arms reduction treaty, Obama will talk with NATO allies about plans to transfer security for Afghanistan to the Afghans themselves by the year 2014. Obama is scheduled to meet Saturday with Afghan President Hamid Karzai.(Posted by David Jackson)2010 USATODAY.com
25 And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity;(MASS CONFUSION) the sea and the waves roaring;(FIERCE WINDS)
26 Men’s hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken.
Heavy rain and gales spark floods in SW England
– Wed Nov 17, 9:36 am ET
LONDON – Heavy rain and gales sparked floods and landslides in southwest England Wednesday, disrupting travel and trapping people in their homes.Police said they are dealing with a major incident, with flooding in several areas of the coastal county of Cornwall.Devon and Cornwall Police said parts of the towns of St. Austell and St. Blazey were impassable, and people had been trapped in cars and houses.Barry Green, owner of a bakery in the riverside town of Lostwithiel, said floodwaters had risen rapidly.One minute I was making bread, the next I was wading waist high through muddy water, he said.We've had people coming in to help but it's pretty much destroyed the shop.The Maritime and Coastguard agency said two search-and-rescue helicopters had been scrambled to help people trapped in cars, and more emergency workers were on standby amid reports of water 5 feet (1.5 meters) deep in places. There were no immediate reports of injuries.All rail services to Cornwall were suspended after a landslide blocked the line.Cornwall has experienced severe floods before, most recently in 2004, when the town of Boscastle suffered major damage when flash floods sent a wall of water pouring through the streets.
HOARDING OF GOLD AND SILVER
DOCTOR DOCTORIAN FROM ANGEL OF GOD
then the angel said, Financial crisis will come to Asia. I will shake the world.
1 Go to now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you.
2 Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are motheaten.
3 Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have heaped treasure together for the last days.
10 Standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas that great city Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour is thy judgment come.
17 For in one hour so great riches is come to nought. And every shipmaster, and all the company in ships, and sailors, and as many as trade by sea, stood afar off,
19 And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas that great city, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate.
19 They shall cast their silver in the streets, and their gold shall be removed: their silver and their gold shall not be able to deliver them in the day of the wrath of the LORD: they shall not satisfy their souls, neither fill their bowels: because it is the stumblingblock of their iniquity.
16 And he(FALSE POPE) causeth all,(WORLD SOCIALISM) both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads:(CHIP IMPLANT)
17 And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.
18 Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six.(6-6-6) A NUMBER SYSTEM
Irish, EU, IMF face marathon talks for loan deal By SHAWN POGATCHNIK and GABRIELE STEINHAUSER, Associated Press - NOV 19,10
DUBLIN – As EU experts dug through the books of Ireland's debt-crippled banks, the question moved from whether Ireland will take an international bailout to under what conditions.On the firing line was Ireland's prized low business tax, which the government says has lured 1,000 multinationals to Ireland over the past decade — but which it may have to give up to satisfy conditions of being rescued.The Irish rescue is the latest act in Europe's yearlong drama to prevent mounting debts and deficits from overwhelming the weakest members of the 16-nation eurozone. Greece was saved from bankruptcy in May, and analysts say Portugal could be next in line after Ireland for an EU-IMF lifeboat.Officials on all sides cautioned that the Dublin talks could stretch into early December, after Ireland gives more clarity on its plans by publishing a four-year outline for slashing euro15 billion ($20.5 billion) from its deficit — forecast this year to reach a stupendous 32 percent of economic output.The Irish government said the plan, to include euro4.5 billion in cuts and euro1.5 billion in new taxes for 2011 alone, will be published by Tuesday — but won't include any change to its 12.5 percent rate of corporate tax, among the lowest in Europe.
Officials in Germany, France, Britain and Austria argue Ireland should be prepared to raise that rate to help pay off its debts. They say it's not fair for Ireland to receive aid from EU partners while simultaneously sticking to a tax policy that amounts to unfair competition.Ireland says the low tax policy is an essential anchor for keeping employers who generate a fifth of Ireland's gross domestic product and provide the healthiest stream of tax revenue. Finance Minister Brian Lenihan, speaking ahead of Friday's talks, said the defense of the 12.5 percent rate was a red line that Ireland would not allow the IMF to cross.For Lenihan and Prime Minister Brian Cowen, the low corporate tax is one of the few points of unity with Ireland's opposition Fine Gael party. Giving it up might be the death sentence for Cowen's government, whose approval ratings are languishing at 11 percent.But Ireland's hand has been forced by a recent run on deposits at Irish banks, which are already receiving a minimum euro45 billion bailout. Allied Irish Banks said Friday it has lost a euro13 billion ($18 billion), or 17 percent, of its total deposit base since June. It also announced plans to sell euro6.6 billion ($9.05 billion) in new shares next month — likely taking the government's stake in the bank from 18 percent to more than 90 percent.The European Central Bank has been stemming deposit losses with short-term loans that have ballooned to a reported euro130 billion, a quarter of the ECB's eurozone loan book. But the ECB's unlimited supply of liquidity to banks is likely to end as the central banks continues to phase out its financial crisis support measures, adding pressure on the Irish government.
Ireland's representative on the Frankfurt-based bank, Irish Central Bank governor Patrick Honohan, said Thursday he expects Ireland to receive a credit line worth tens of billions of euro that would serve as a backstop for Irish banks struggling to access funds elsewhere.Critics of Ireland's low tax on business profits say raising it would be the quickest way to increase state income without hurting consumers. According to Eurostat, corporate tax rates in the eurozone average 25.7 percent, and only Cyprus and Bulgaria are lower than Ireland with rates of 10 percent.Germany and France, whose rates stand at 29.8 percent and 34.4 percent respectively, have spent the past decade grumbling as some of their own companies and a disproportionate share of U.S. multinationals choose Ireland as their EU headquarters.There's only one real reason for that, namely the avoidance of taxes, said Markus Ferber, a member of the European Parliament for the German Christian Social Union, part of Chancellor Angela Merkel's governing coalition.Some go even further, saying that the low corporate tax rate was central to Ireland's economic collapse.Ireland has constructed its development strategy for many years not on attracting large-scale corporate investment, but on corporate headquarters activity, said John Christensen, an economist and accountant who heads the Tax Justice Network, an nonprofit that advocates more transparent tax policies.Dublin's beggar-thy-neighbour tax policy is helping large corporations shift profits to tax havens outside Europe, hurting both the Irish government and Europe as a whole, Christensen said.
Irish business lobbyists say it would be crazy for the former Celtic Tiger to increase taxes on foreign investors at the moment when Ireland is shedding domestic jobs and depending on high-tech exporters to lead a recovery. Higher rates would mean less revenue for the state, as investment and jobs have the potential to move to countries outside the EU. This would not be in Irish interests or in the interest of the wider EU, said Danny McCoy, director of the Irish Business and Employers Confederation, which represents 7,500 employers. But many more Irish people express disbelief that — in the midst of a crisis caused by Dublin bankers who gambled hundreds of billions on property deals gone bust — the government is bailing out those same banks and defending profits for wealthy multinationals like Microsoft, Intel and Google. The Rev. Sean Healy, a Catholic priest who leads a pressure group called Social Justice Ireland, called the government focus on protecting bondholders and Fortune 500 companies hypocritical and deeply unjust.By taking so many things off the table, the IMF and the government have created a situation where most of the adjustments will be made at the expense of the weak, the sick, the vulnerable and the working poor, Healy said.There were few signs Friday of protest on the streets of Dublin, only private expressions of shock and disgust that Ireland's economy had been mismanaged so badly and fallen so quickly since 2008.There's no point protesting. We've gambled away our sovereignty, and all we can do is try not to make matters worse,said Eamon Delaney, a newspaper vendor. Our own leaders have made such a shambles of it, the IMF crowd will hardly do worse.Steinhauser reported from Brussels.
China takes new step to rein in lending, inflation By JOE McDONALD, AP Business Writer – Fri Nov 19, 6:58 am ET
BEIJING – China ordered its banks Friday to hold back more money as reserves in a new move to curb lending and rising inflation that communist leaders worry might stir unrest.It was China's second reserve increase in two weeks and came as Beijing tries to restore normal financial conditions following its recovery from the global crisis and cool inflation that surged to a 25-month high in October.Analysts also expect China to announce a second interest rate hike after its surprise Oct. 19 increase but there was no word Friday of any changes in rates.The state-owned banking industry was ordered to set aside an additional 0.5 percent of deposits as reserves, effective Nov. 29. Reserves vary by institution but could be as high as 19 percent for the biggest commercial lenders.Economists say money flooding through the economy from China's stimulus spending and heavy bank lending helped to push inflation to 4.4 percent in October, well above the government's 3 percent target. Politically sensitive food costs jumped more than 10 percent.Poor families in China spend up to half their incomes on food and communist leaders see inflation as a possible trigger of unrest.Regulators worry that excessive lending is fueling overspending on real estate and other assets and might leave banks burdened with unpaid loans if ill-considered projects default.
Friday's order came after China's stock markets closed. Stocks fell this week on investor fears the government might respond to October's inflation by tightening economic controls and further slowing China's growth.China's post-crisis expansion peaked at 11.9 percent in the first quarter of this year and cooled to 9.6 percent in the three months ending in September. The World Bank says next year's economic growth should slow to 8.7 percent.Raising reserve requirements allows Beijing to slow lending growth without increasing costs for borrowers through a rate hike. The government has used such targeted tools to try to restrain housing costs and make other changes while avoiding large rate increases.A rate hike is politically fraught because it increases costs for state companies and heavily indebted finance agencies set up by local governments to use bank loans to invest in infrastructure and real estate projects.Analysts say the modest quarter percentage point rate hike on Oct. 19was meant as a warning to banks to cut back runaway lending.Chinese leaders also worry that higher interest rates will attract inflows of foreign speculative hot money into stocks and real estate. Unauthorized inflows of money meant to profit from China's rebound and a rise in its currency, the yuan, have surged in recent months despite Beijing's moves to tighten capital controls.Chinese central bank (in Chinese): http://www.pbc.gov.cn
Bernanke defends bond-purchase plan, warns China By JEANNINE AVERSA, AP Economics Writer - NOV 19,10
WASHINGTON – Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke hit back at critics, both at home and abroad, who have challenged the central bank's $600 billion bond-purchase program.In a speech in Germany, he argued that Congress must help support the Fed's program with further stimulus aid. And he issued a stern warning to China, saying it and other emerging nations are putting the global economy at risk by keeping their currencies artificially low.Bernanke made the remarks Friday at a banking conference in Frankfurt.Without more stimulus, high unemployment could persist for years, he said. But in making that argument, Bernanke risks heightening complaints that he's plunging the Fed into partisan politics.The Fed's Treasury bond-buying program is intended to invigorate the economy in part by lowering interest rates, lifting stock prices and encouraging more spending. Lower interest rates on loans would prompt companies to borrow and expand.And higher stock prices would boost the wealth and confidence of individuals and businesses, Bernanke has suggested. The additional spending would lift incomes, profits and growth.But the Fed's program has triggered a barrage of criticism both within the United States and abroad.Republican leaders in Congress and some Fed officials are among those who say they doubt the program will help the economy. They also worry it could unleash inflation and lead to speculative buying on Wall Street.
And at a summit of world leaders in South Korea last week, China, Germany, Brazil and other countries complained that the Fed's plan would give U.S. exporters a competitive price edge by flooding world markets with dollars. A weaker dollar makes U.S. goods more attractive to foreign buyers.Emerging economies like Thailand and Indonesia also fear that falling Treasury yields will send money flooding their way in search of higher returns. Such emerging markets could be left vulnerable to a crash if investors later decide to pull out and move their money elsewhere.Still, European Central Bank President Jean-Claude Trichet insisted during a panel discussion after Bernanke's speech that he and the Fed chairman strongly share the view that a solid strong dollar ... is very important.The International Monetary Fund's head, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, said he believes that wherever it's possible ... the support to growth is still something which is absolutely necessary.
He cited the U.S. as an example, saying the economy could pick up to 4 percent growth or slow to less than 2 percent growth, and the consequences for the rest of the world would be huge. Still, he also said that in general there's a need to restore confidence by tackling debt problems.Because countries are recovering from the severe global recession at different speeds, tensions among nations have risen, making it harder to find global solutions to global problems, Bernanke said. So-called emerging countries like China, Brazil and India are growing at much faster rates than advanced economies like the United States, Japan and Britain.
Insufficiently supportive policies in the United States and other advanced economies could undermine the recovery not only in those economies but for the world as a whole,Bernanke warned.By contrast, China and other emerging economies face the challenge of keeping growth robust, without igniting inflation, he said. By keeping their currencies artificially weak, China and other emerging economies are causing problems for themselves and for the stability of the world economy, Bernanke said.
His comments come days after a U.S. congressional report called on Washington to do more to force China to increase the value of its currency. On Friday, the Chinese Foreign Ministry countered that that constitutes interference in Beijing's internal affairs and accused the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission of having a Cold War mentality and of harboring a grudge against China.Bernanke argued that the Fed's Treasury bond purchases are needed to promote faster job creation and reduce the risk that very low inflation could turn into deflation. Deflation is a prolonged and destabilizing drop in prices of goods and services, wages and the values of assets like stocks or homes. Even so, the Fed's program by itself can't fix all the economy's problems, Bernanke said.We don't want to overpromise, the effects are ... meaningful but moderate, Bernanke said of the Fed's bond-buying program during a panel discussion after his speech.To the extent that we can get help from the private sector, from other policies, I think that's all very constructive, so I hope that we can.He also called on Congress to step up. A fiscal program that combines near-term measures to enhance growth with strong confidence-inducing steps to reduce longer-term structural (budget) deficits would be an important complement to the policies of the Federal Reserve,he said.Bernanke has previously warned that the economy is too fragile for the Congress to slash spending or boost taxes, even as he has made the case that lawmakers and the White House must craft a credible plan to reduce trillion-dollar plus budget deficits over the long term.
But the Fed chief amplified that warning. He is doing so as Republicans in Congress —coming off big wins in the midterm elections — are using their clout to push for less government spending and more fiscal discipline.Republicans are upset with Bernanke because they think the Fed is overstepping its bounds with the bond-buying program. They argue that the Fed is printing money to pay for the government's massive debt.Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky and incoming House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio had no immediate reaction to Bernanke's request for Congress to step up stimulus aid. Both GOP leaders blasted the Fed's bond-buying program earlier this week.Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid of Nevada also didn't have an immediate response.Republicans Rep. Mike Pence and Sen. Bob Corker, want the Fed's mission to be revamped.They want the Fed to focus solely on keeping inflation in check. It now has a dual mandate from Congress: to keep both inflation and unemployment low. Put on the defensive, Bernanke felt compelled this week to meet privately with lawmakers on the Senate Banking Committee to defend the Fed's program. A stream of Bernanke's colleagues have also been out making public appearances to back the Fed's action in recent days. Narayana Kocherlakota, president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, and Sandra Pianalto, president of the Cleveland Fed, were on the circuit Thursday.Bernanke warned the economic risks are high if Congress doesn't work alongside the Fed to stimulate the economy.
On its current economic trajectory, the United States runs the risk of seeing millions of workers unemployed or underemployed for many years, Bernanke said.As a society, we should find that outcome unacceptable.Geir Moulson in Berlin contributed to this report.
Energy gathering gives fortaste of mini EU-US summit in Lisbon
VALENTINA POP Today NOV 19,10 @ 17:58 CET
EUOBSERVER / LISBON – A mini session between EU and US top foreign policy chiefs and energy officials on Friday (19 November) gave a foretaste of the low-key EU-US summit to be held at the end of the Nato summit in Lisbon.The two women, foreign policy chiefs Catherine Ashton and Hillary Clinton recited their opening statements on the importance of energy security for the EU and the US, in a visible effort to keep a straight face and make the meeting look serious.Flanked by EU energy commissioner Guenther Oettinger, EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said she wanted this EU-US energy council to become a regular meeting and to link foreign policy to energy security and regulatory regimes for energy saving and eco-friendly technologies.For her part, US secretary of state Hillary Clinton expressed her hope that we'll come out with an agenda and practical steps we can work on - ranging from energy diplomacy in Central Asia and Iraq to helping Ukraine in becoming a more reliant energy partner of the EU" and in developing common standards for smart grids and electric cars on both sides of the Atlantic.The lack of concrete results out of the meeting is likely to be repeated on Saturday when US President Barack Obama meets with EU's two figureheads Herman Van Rompuy and Jose Manuel Barroso, representing member states and the EU commission, respectively.Washington however is in an apparent drive to mend ties with the Brussels machinery, after Mr Obama earlier this year bluntly refused an invitation by the then Spanish EU presidency to come to an EU-US summit in Madrid.You can't judge a relationship by the summitry between the two sides, US ambassador to the EU William Kennard told journalists in Lisbon on Friday, in a bid to fend off criticism that the EU-US meeting is a minor appendix to the impressive to the large-scale Nato summit.
He argued it was not fair to compare a multi-lateral summit of 28 states who are fighting a war together with the EU-US meeting, which was a bilateral one. When you have two heads of state meeting, you don't need one and a half days, like the Nato summit,Mr Kennard explained.The relationship between the US and the EU is very deep and complex, we have many ministerial meetings and some 1,000 US government visitors a year, he insisted.The Obama-Barroso-Van Rompuy meeting is likely to focus on the terrorism threat in Europe after the Yemeni and Greek bombs shipped via air mail which saw Germany increase its security measures this week.A special taskforce on cybersecurity is likely to be the main concrete outcome of the meeting, looking at ways to secure company and private data and from having personal computers hijacked and used to mount cyber attacks. This effort will run in parallel to Nato's own cyber defence activities, which are mainly aimed at securing military networks.
Economy and jobs – probably also touching upon the troubles of the eurozone with the Irish and potentially Portuguese bail-out in the making – are also on the the agenda.
EUROPEAN UNION ARMY
23 Thus he said, The fourth beast (EU,REVIVED ROME) shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth,(7TH WORLD EMPIRE) which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.(TRADING BLOCKS)
24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings(10 NATIONS) that shall arise: and another shall rise after them;(#11 SPAIN) and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings.( BE HEAD OF 3 NATIONS)
25 And he (EU PRESIDENT) shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.(3 1/2 YRS)
23 And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king (EU DICTATOR) of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences,(FROM THE OCCULT) shall stand up.
24 And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power:(SATANS POWER) and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practise, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.
25 And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes;(JESUS) but he shall be broken without hand.
36 And the king (EU DICTATOR) shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done.
37 Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers,(THIS EU DICTATOR IS JEWISH) nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all.(CLAIM TO BE GOD)
38 But in his estate shall he honour the God of forces:(WAR) and a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things.
39 Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god,(DESTROY TERROR GROUPS) whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many,(HIS ARMY LEADERS) and shall divide the land for gain.
19 And I saw the beast,(EU LEADER) and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse,(JESUS) and against his army.(THE RAPTURED CHRISTIANS)
Nato to unveil new goals for austerity-hobbled alliance
VALENTINA POP Today NOV 19,10 @ 09:25 CET
EUOBSERVER / LISBON – Nato leaders meeting in Lisbon on Friday (19 November) and Saturday are to update the alliance's strategy to deal with modern threats and to massage ties with Russia, while trying to put a positive spin on the lack of resources for the military organisation in an era of austerity cuts.Advertised by its secretary general as one of the most important summits in Nato history,the two-day meeting aims to modernise a now 10-year-old strategic concept to include new threats such as cyber attacks and ballistic missiles. Agreement on a Nato-wide anti-missile shield is also expected, as well as friendly statements from Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, who will join Nato leaders on Saturday.Cutting fat, while building muscle, - a catchphrase coined by Nato chief Anders Fogh Rasmussen, will see leaders endorse cuts to redundant structures and some command centres. The expected haggling over which country is is to give up one or two of its Nato commands, whose costs they can deduct from the national contribution to the alliance, will be postponed for next year. Despite all the goodwill and slogans, Nato countries are at bottom divided over what the alliance should stand for, while defence cuts across Europe are being put in place without any apparent consultation of other Nato partners, experts and politicians say.
The new threats and challenges don't exclude the old ones, unfortunately. And there is not only the fat or muscle as an alternative, but brain and will as well, Lithuanian conservative MEP Vytautas Landsbergis told this website.A former president of post-Soviet Lithuania, Mr Landsbergis warned that it would be a mistake to appease Russia by declaring that it is not an enemy even while Nato countries continue to be treated as enemies by Moscow.Russia's leadership wants to get into a position where European states consider that any decision about security challenges would be impossible without Russia - which means a veto right on any Nato enlargement and also a refusal to define the threats by Nato alone, he said. It looks like negotiations of chicken with foxes, where Russia wants be given all it wishes with no reset from its side.Scepticism at the content of the renewed Nato-Russia relations was echoed from Washington as well.There are so many elements in Nato-Russia relations – there are the central European states, western European ones, then there is the US and Canada. I don't see that there was enough discussion to have a commonly agreed and understood relationship with Russia, Daniel Fata, a defence expert with the German Marshall Fund of the United States, a Washington-based think-tank, and a former Pentagon official, told EUobserver. I'm concerned that the alliance at large is not ready to unveil a true Strategic Concept.
In Mr Fata's view, the war in Afghanistan - Nato's current flagship mission - has not demonstrated on the ground that the alliance can successfully conduct an operation abroad. Focusing the Strategic Concept on expeditionary forces as the way forward for Nato – meaning highly-skilled and quickly deployable troops for missions abroad - may be completely wrong, he argues.With the austerity measures pressing governments to reduce defence spending even further below the 2 percent of GDP recommended by Nato, it is unlikely that the military organisation will be able to do more with less, as advertised, Mr Fata predicted: Instead, it will be less with less. He urged Nato's Allied Command Transformation to be more involved in co-rdinatig Nato members' cutbacks. In what may be seen as a bad omen for the two-day summit, Portugal's chief of defence intelligence announced his resignation on Thursday (18 November), with local media reporting that he was angry at the planned defence spending reductions for next year, as the government tries to halve the budget deficit and avoid a Greek and Irish-style bailout.According to Diario de Noticias, seven Portuguese spy stations, including ones in Madrid, Brussels and Cairo, would be shut, while the intelligence service's budget will be reduced by €1 million. Overall, Portugal's defence budget is to be slashed by 11 percent.In Britain, senior military officials are also disgruntled about announced defence spending cuts by 20 percent. According to a classified defence ministry document published by the Daily Telegraph, the cuts were not properly prepared, Nato allies were not notified and they have badly damaged the confidence and morale of the armed forces.
3 And hath gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;
4 And it be told thee, and thou hast heard of it, and enquired diligently, and, behold, it be true, and the thing certain, that such abomination is wrought in Israel:
2 KINGS 23:5
5 And he put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Judah, and in the places round about Jerusalem; them also that burned incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to all the host of heaven.
Smart grids line up in fight against climate change
ANDREW WILLIS Today NOV 19,10 @ 09:26 CET
EUOBSERVER / SAN FRANCISCO - Smart grids are increasingly seen as a crucial weapon in the world's fight against climate change, with the EU among those rallying behind the new technology. With global energy consumption set to rise dramatically over the next fifteen years, not least as an additional 350 million Chinese citizens move into cities, the need to use electricity more efficiently has never been higher, say industry experts.Smart grids are a lot about empowering us to engage with energy, says Scott Lang, CEO of SilverSpring Networks, a California-based company leading the way in developing technology that allows customers to view their electricity usage at any given point, including from individual appliances. While this enables households to cut bills by using energy-consuming devices at low-rate times of day, it also enables utility companies to cut peak-time demand and avoid costly blackouts.The need for a better alignment between supply and demand is also being driven by renewable energies and the forecast rise in plug-in electric cars, already in evidence on the roads around Silicon Valley.While [American inventor] Thomas Edison's model was very successful at creating centralised power stations a hundred years ago, we still haven't cracked the code on storing electricity, said Mr Lang, whose company seeks to link households and utility companies via a web of external wireless devices, smart meters and software.
During one pilot study using the technology in Oklahoma, electricity customers cut peak usage by 20 percent and made average monthly savings of $37.The system's reliance on internet technology has sparked fears of hacking and data abuse, but governments around the world appear to be jumping on board.Smart grid technologies are needed to allow for a cost-effective evolution towards a decarbonised power system, declared European Commission proposals published on Wednesday (17 November) as part of the bloc's 2020 energy plan.[They allow] for the management of vast amounts of renewable on-shore and off-shore energy, while maintaining availability for conventional power generation and power system adequacy,continued the document.
Austria, Belgium, France, Denmark, Germany, Finland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Spain and the UK are member states where smart grid projects are already underway.With so much interest, it is little wonder that IT giant Google is investing in the new technology, recently developing its own Google Power Meter - a free software programme which allows electricity users to monitor their real-time energy use.The programme is only available to households whose electricity provider has an agreement with Google, currently only First Utility (UK) and Yello Strom (Germany) in Europe.But there are plans for expansion.Today we have about a dozen utility partners around the world and we are looking at how to grow this space and grow the whole ecosystem,said Google energy czar Bill Weihl.
Van Rompuy rows back from EU survival crisis remarks
LEIGH PHILLIPS Today NOV 19,10 @ 09:29 CET
EUOBSERVER / BRUSSELS - EU Council President Herman Van Rompuy has rowed back from his strong words from Tuesday (16 November) over the survival crisis of the euro and the European Union, saying his words had been misinterpreted.On Thursday, speaking to a group of politicians from the centre-right European People's Party in the European capital, he said: A reference to the survival crisis of the spring ... was wrongly interpreted as also referring to the present situation. Everybody in the audience who listened carefully to my words, was surprised by reactions afterwards.
A radical declaration from a cautious man would really have been a surprise.Earlier in the week, the European president had shocked commentators and the markets when he told a Brussels think-tank audience: We're in a survival crisis, adding that if the eurozone does not survive, neither would the EU.We all have to work together in order to survive with the eurozone, because if we don't survive with the euro zone we will not survive with the European Union, he said at the time. But I'm very confident we will overcome this.In the wake of the flurry of concerned reaction he had not expected, he was eager to put minds at ease on Thursday.The euro is the most visible and the most palpable sign of the European common destiny. What happens with pensions or debt in one country, may affect the economy in another country. In good times and in bad times,he said.As I said in Berlin last week: Until one year ago, all this was just knowledge – theoretical. This spring, it became an experience – unforgettable. Now, we have to act upon the fact – responsibly.And, that's exactly what we are doing. We are drawing the lessons from the spring crisis ... We established a safety net for those countries in need, linked to a strong conditionality [and] ... We agreed on a new model of economic governance in order to avoid the problems of the past.This is a real breakthrough.He stressed that despite the recent fluctuations in the market concerning the debt considerations of Ireland and Portugal, the euro and the wider European Union are in safe hands.Economic growth in the Eurozone is much more stronger than most of us thought. The projected growth rate doubled in six months - from around 1 percent to 1,8 percent.
Of course we have differentiated growth inside the Eurozone, due to the robust austerity and reform measures in some countries, but these differences can be temporary. We draw the lessons from the 1930s so that the recession did not turn into a lasting depression. The quality of economic policy is now much better than 80 years ago.He also criticised doom-sayers following his earlier remarks.Many observers have underestimated and continue to underestimate the political determination of the leaders and of the countries, to safeguard their currency.The fundamentals of the eurozone are sound: low inflation, an balanced current account, and, again, respectable economic growth.
23 Thus he said, The fourth beast(THE EU,REVIVED ROME) shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth,(7TH WORLD EMPIRE) which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.(TRADE BLOCKS)
24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise:(10 NATIONS) and another shall rise after them;(#11 SPAIN) and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings.(BE HEAD OF 3 KINGS OR NATIONS).
Ashton finalising six more top appointments
ANDREW RETTMAN 17.11.2010 @ 23:10 CET
EUOBSERVER / BRUSSELS - EU foreign affairs chief Catherine Ashton is expected to fill at least six more top posts in the European External Action Service (EEAS) by the end of the month, following the nomination on Tuesday (16 November) of a Swede to chair the Political and Security Committee (PSC).Olof Skoog, a 48-year-old Swedish diplomat who came to Brussels in 2007 after postings in Havana, Vienna, New York, Bogota and Stockholm, will chair the meetings and set the agenda of the PSC on behalf of Ms Ashton for the next five years. The PSC brings together 27 EU member state ambassadors at least once a week to thrash out compromises on EU foreign and security policy. It is also the bloc's first port of call in the event of an unforeseen international crisis and works closely with the the Joint Situation Centre (SitCen), the Union's intelligence-sharing bureau in Brussels.The main task of this committee is to build consensus among the 27 member states on foreign policy, while at the same time keeping a very high level of ambition. Each member state has a veto, so you can easily fall back on the lowest common denominator. But the real challenge is to produce clear, credible and pro-active results,Mr Skoog told EUobserver.An EU diplomatic source added: He had huge support - he's very highly rated and liked by his colleagues, so she accelerated this appointment.The rest of the EEAS top cadre, the six so-called managing directors of the service's geographical and thematic departments, is expected to be announced in one package before 1 December, the official launch date of the new corps. In other outstanding appointments, Ms Ashton is to name her envoy to Geneva in the next few days. The nomination of the new head of SitCen and the EU ambassadors to Belarus, Bosnia, Brazil and Iraq might wait until early 2011.The EEAS chief is currently conducting final interviews for the six managing director posts, with 27 screenings held in the past week alone.Speculation favours Slovak foreign minister and former EU Special Representative to Bosnia Miroslav Lajcak to take charge of the section dealing with post-Soviet countries and the Western Balkans. French-origin European Commission official Hugues Mingarelli is tipped to run the Africa department. Swedish commission official Christian Leffler is favoured for the Middle East and Mediterranean rim branch. Spanish commission official Tomas Dupla del Moral is being talked about for the Asia or Americas portfolio.
The SitCen post is expected to go to Ilkka Salmi, the 42-year-old head of the Finnish secret service, the Suojelupoliisin. Finland has the advantage of being a neutral country, historically speaking. They are also neighbours with Russia, so they have experience on the hard side of intelligence and counter-intelligence, a contact in the EU institutions said.Opinion is divided as to whether the nominations are being made primarily on merit or political considerations.They are saying that if you do well in the interviews ... you can get the job. That she's really looking for skills, an EU diplomat said. The nominations were sewn up weeks ago, another diplomatic source said.Messrs Dupla del Moral, Leffler and Mingarelli have applied wearing their commission hats rather than their national ones. Two-thirds of the EEAS cadre have to come from the EU institutions under a deal with the EU parliament.The final EEAS line-up would cater for all the big EU countries except Italy. Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Greece, Hungary, Portugal, the Netherlands and Romania would stand out as mid-sized countries which missed out.Belgium and Portugal have Herman Van Rompuy and Jose Manuel Barroso, however. Denmark has its man as head of Nato. And a Dutch general recently took charge of the EU Military Staff.The Belgian EU presidency and Ms Ashton had hoped that all 30-or-so EU Council working groups dealing with foreign policy, such as the PSC, would be handed over to permanent EEAS chairmen by the end of the year. But with the clock ticking, only a handful of the most active groups - on Africa, Asia, post-Soviet countries, the Western Balkans and the three groups which prepare PSC meetings - is likely to make the switch in time.
1 And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
2 Son of man, set thy face against Gog,(RULER) the land of Magog,(RUSSIA) the chief prince of Meshech(MOSCOW)and Tubal,(TOBOLSK) and prophesy against him,
3 And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech(MOSCOW) and Tubal:
4 And I will turn thee back, and put hooks into thy jaws,(GOD FORCES THE RUSSIA-MUSLIMS TO MARCH) and I will bring thee forth, and all thine army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed with all sorts of armour, even a great company with bucklers and shields, all of them handling swords:
5 Persia,(IRAN,IRAQ) Ethiopia, and Libya with them; all of them with shield and helmet:
6 Gomer,(GERMANY) and all his bands; the house of Togarmah (TURKEY)of the north quarters, and all his bands:(SUDAN,AFRICA) and many people with thee.
7 Be thou prepared, and prepare for thyself, thou, and all thy company that are assembled unto thee, and be thou a guard unto them.
8 After many days thou shalt be visited: in the latter years thou shalt come into the land that is brought back from the sword, and is gathered out of many people, against the mountains of Israel, which have been always waste: but it is brought forth out of the nations, and they shall dwell safely all of them.
9 Thou shalt ascend and come like a storm, thou shalt be like a cloud to cover the land, thou, and all thy bands, and many people with thee.(RUSSIA-EGYPT AND MUSLIMS)
10 Thus saith the Lord GOD; It shall also come to pass, that at the same time shall things come into thy mind, and thou shalt think an evil thought:
11 And thou shalt say, I will go up to the land of unwalled villages; I will go to them that are at rest, that dwell safely, all of them dwelling without walls, and having neither bars nor gates,
12 To take a spoil, and to take a prey; to turn thine hand upon the desolate places that are now inhabited, and upon the people that are gathered out of the nations, which have gotten cattle and goods, that dwell in the midst of the land.
1 The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap.
3 They (ARABS,MUSLIMS) have taken crafty counsel against thy people,(ISRAEL) and consulted against thy hidden ones.
4 They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance.
5 For they (MUSLIMS) have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee:(TREATIES)
6 The tabernacles of Edom,(JORDAN) and the Ishmaelites;(ARABS) of Moab, PALESTINIANS,JORDAN) and the Hagarenes;(EGYPT)
7 Gebal,(HEZZBALLOH,LEBANON) and Ammon,(JORDAN) and Amalek;(SYRIA,ARABS,SINAI) the Philistines (PALESTINIANS) with the inhabitants of Tyre;(LEBANON)
40 And at the time of the end shall the king of the south( EGYPT) push at him:(EU DICTATOR IN ISRAEL) and the king of the north (RUSSIA AND MUSLIM HORDES OF EZEK 38+39) shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over.
41 He shall enter also into the glorious land, and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon.(JORDAN)
42 He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape.
43 But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps.
1 Therefore, thou son of man, prophesy against Gog,(LEADER OF RUSSIA) and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech (MOSCOW) and Tubal: (TUBOLSK)
2 And I will turn thee back, and leave but the sixth part of thee, and will cause thee to come up from the north parts,(RUSSIA) and will bring thee upon the mountains of Israel:
3 And I will smite thy bow out of thy left hand, and will cause thine arrows to fall out of thy right hand.
4 Thou shalt fall upon the mountains of Israel, thou, and all thy bands,( ARABS) and the people that is with thee: I will give thee unto the ravenous birds of every sort, and to the beasts of the field to be devoured.
5 Thou shalt fall upon the open field: for I have spoken it, saith the Lord GOD.
6 And I will send a fire on Magog,(NUCLEAR BOMB) and among them that dwell carelessly in the isles: and they shall know that I am the LORD.
7 So will I make my holy name known in the midst of my people Israel; and I will not let them pollute my holy name any more: and the heathen shall know that I am the LORD, the Holy One in Israel.
8 Behold, it is come, and it is done, saith the Lord GOD; this is the day whereof I have spoken.
3 A fire(NUCLEAR BOMB) devoureth before them;(RUSSIA-ARABS) and behind them a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape them.
20 But I will remove far off from you the northern army,(RUSSIA,MUSLIMS) and will drive him into a land barren and desolate, with his face toward the east sea, and his hinder part toward the utmost sea, and his stink shall come up, and his ill savour shall come up, because he hath done great things.(SIBERIAN DESERT)
30 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.(NUCLEAR BOMB)
31 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.
Gaza Terrorists Fire on Ofakim
by Maayana Miskin NOV 19,10
Gaza-based terrorists fired a Grad rocket at the southern Israel town of Ofakim on Friday morning. The rocket hit an open field near the city; no injuries were reported.The attack was the first Grad rocket shooting in the Ofakim region since the end of the Cast Lead counterterror operation in Gaza in early 2009.On Thursday night, terrorists fired a short-range Kassam rocket at the Eshkol region. No injuries were reported. A third rocket was fired on Friday morning, but apparently landed within Gaza.Avner Mori, head of the Merchavim regional council in which Ofakim is located, said the attack is a reminder to us all that peace has not yet come to our region, and the government of Israel must take immediate steps to protect those who live here.On Wednesday, the Al-Qaeda inspired Gaza-based terrorist group Army of Islam vowed revenge on Israel after troops killed two senior terrorists who were plotting attacks on Israelis in the Sinai Peninsula. The two terrorists, Islam Yassin and Jamal a-Nahmnam, were both killed while driving in Gaza City.The Army of Islam is an increasingly popular Salafi terrorist group that wishes to see Gaza run by Sharia (Muslim law). Army of Islam fighters have occasionally clashed with Hamas, which has instituted sharia law in Gaza, but only partially.
Obama says NATO leaders back him on START treaty By JULIE PACE, Associated Press - NOV 19,10
LISBON, Portugal – President Barack Obama said he got a clear message from NATO leaders Friday on the stalled nuclear treaty with Russia: It would strengthen alliances and increase European security.Obama is in Lisbon for a NATO summit while back home his administration is working overtime to rescue the START weapons deal, which hit roadblocks this week when a key Republican senator withdrew his support for passing it this year.The pact would reduce the limits on strategic warheads held by the United States and Russia and would establish an inspection system. It would be a major setback for Obama if he's unable to get it ratified by the Senate after inking it with Russia's president earlier this year.Obama is seeking to rally support from world leaders for the pact as a way of pressuring balky senators back home. The president called the deal a national security imperative for the United States but said he's heard from leaders of European nations that it's crucial to their security as well.The message that I've received since I've arrived from my fellow leaders here at NATO could not be clearer: New START will strengthen our alliance and it will strengthen European security, Obama told reporters in Lisbon. Nobody is more aware of the need for a strong secure and Democratic Europe than our Eastern and Central European allies.The president cited comments from the foreign minister of Poland in support of the treaty and said, We know that failure to ratify and move forward with New START will put at risk the substantial progress that has been made in advancing our nuclear security and our partnership with Russia on behalf of global security.Deputy National Security adviser Ben Rhodes said the White House anticipates other world leaders making statements during the NATO meetings in support of the ratification of START. Rhodes said Obama spoke with several foreign leaders here Friday regarding START, including a good conversation with German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
There will be a meeting between NATO leaders and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev on Saturday.Back in Washington the treaty's fate is uncertain during Congress' current lame-duck session after Sen. Jon Kyl, R-Ariz., the lead GOP negotiator, said more time was needed before approving it this year.The treaty needs 67 votes. In the current Senate, that means at least eight Republicans would have to join the Democratic bloc of 59 votes for ratification; if it's pushed until after the new Congress is sworn in in January, support from 14 Republicans would be required.
Young Israel Slams Critical U.S. Report
by Israel News staff NOV 19,10
The National Council of Young Israel (NCYI) has condemned a U.S. State Department report that criticizes Israel for alleged religious discrimination against non-Jews and non-Orthodox Jews. The report put Israel in the same category as Afghanistan, China, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Iran in terms of religious freedom.Although Israel was established as a Jewish State in 1948, it has spent the past six decades actively encouraging and facilitating freedom of religion for all of its citizens, said NCYI President Shlomo Mostofsky. Equating Israel, the United States' sole democratic ally in the Middle East region, with rogue nations that actively suppress the free exercise of religion is unjust and uncalled for.The State Department report acknowledged that, government policy contributed to the generally free practice of religion, but claimed, governmental and legal discrimination against non-Jews and non-Orthodox streams of Judaism continued.Among the policies the report cited as examples of religious discrimination were the fact that the Law of Return, under which Jews can receive Israeli citizenship, does not apply to Jews who have converted to another religion, and the fact that the Rabbinate recognizes conversions to Judaism only if they are performed according to traditional Torah law. The report did not note that changing that policy is reverse discrimination against those who adhere to Jewish law.The Israeli courts have consistently focused on the importance of protecting freedom of religion for its citizenry,countered Mostofsky.
The report also claimed that Israel fails to protect non-Jewish holy sites, a claim INN and Mostofsky dismissed as completely false. Despite constant security concerns that warrant the implementation of certain protective measures in order to properly protect the public, Israel continues to provide unfettered access to holy sites of all religions, and the religious beliefs of Christians, Muslims, and Jews are not encumbered in any way. Israel should be commended for its high level of religious tolerance, not condemned.The report failed to note, as INN reported, that Government security forces often prevent Jews from even approaching the Temple Mount, and numerous Jews have been arrested -- including a young bride and her father at one point -- for infractions as spurious as simply moving their lips on the site, because the area has been designated an official holy site for Muslims, where the Al-Aqsa mosque is located.All Islamic sites are controlled by the Waqf, also known as the Islamic Religious Authority – due to the preference of the imams themselves, and under a special arrangement. Much damage has been caused and thousands of priceless artifacts from the First and Second Temple eras have been destroyed due to damage caused by construction near the Dome of the Rock mosque – which rests on the Temple Mount, where the Jewish Holy of Holies is located -- authorized by the Waqf.
Likewise the churches, which each fall under the authority of their own religious groups. For example, the Vatican controls its own churches, convents and monasteries, and even other properties. Israel has been involved in delicate talks with the Vatican over the issue of sovereignty of some 21 disputed properties in the Land of Israel for more than 11 years – and in fact, the Holy See has not even paid taxes on most of the properties Mostofsky also questioned the logic of the United States criticizing Israel's practices at a time when the American government is actively soliciting Israel's assistance in peace talks in the Middle East region.
The United States has publicly reprimanded Israel for unveiling plans to build much-needed housing units because of fear that it would negatively impact possible peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians, yet, at the same time, the U.S. State Department has no qualms about wrongly censuring Israel when it comes to alleged fallacies in the level of its religious tolerance,said Mostofsky.The United States cannot reasonably expect Israel to accede to its every demand if it is going to weaken the American-Israeli bond with baseless allegations that undermine the Israeli government and undercut the religious tolerance that it works diligently to promote.(IsraelNationalNews.com)
LAND FOR PEACE (THE FUTURE 7 YEARS OF HELL ON EARTH)
2 I will also gather all nations, and will bring them down into the valley of Jehoshaphat, and will plead with them there for my people and for my heritage Israel, whom they have scattered among the nations, and parted my land.
THE WEEK OF DANIEL 9:27 WE KNOW ITS 7 YRS
Heres the scripture 1 week = 7 yrs Genesis 29:27-29
27 Fulfil her week, and we will give thee this also for the service which thou shalt serve with me yet seven other years.
28 And Jacob did so, and fulfilled her week: and he gave him Rachel his daughter to wife also.
29 And Laban gave to Rachel his daughter Bilhah his handmaid to be her maid.
21 And in his estate shall stand up a vile person, to whom they shall not give the honour of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries.
23 And after the league made with him he shall work deceitfully: for he shall come up, and shall become strong with a small people.
24 He shall enter peaceably even upon the fattest places of the province; and he shall do that which his fathers have not done, nor his fathers' fathers; he shall scatter among them the prey, and spoil, and riches: yea, and he shall forecast his devices against the strong holds, even for a time.
26 And after threescore and two weeks(62X7=434 YEARS+7X7=49 YEARS=TOTAL OF 69 WEEKS OR 483 YRS) shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary;(ROMAN LEADERS DESTROYED THE 2ND TEMPLE) and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.(THERE HAS TO BE 70 WEEKS OR 490 YRS TO FUFILL THE VISION AND PROPHECY OF DAN 9:24).(THE NEXT VERSE IS THAT 7 YR WEEK OR (70TH FINAL WEEK).
27 And he( THE ROMAN,EU PRESIDENT) shall confirm the covenant with many for one week:(1X7=7 YEARS) and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease,(3 1/2 yrs in TEMPLE SACRIFICES STOPPED) and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
14 They have healed also the hurt of the daughter of my people slightly, saying, Peace, peace; when there is no peace.
11 For they have healed the hurt of the daughter of my people slightly, saying, Peace, peace; when there is no peace.
1 THESSALONIANS 5:3
3 For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape.
ISAIAH 28:14-19 (THIS IS THE 7 YR TREATY COVENANT OF DANIEL 9:27)
14 Wherefore hear the word of the LORD, ye scornful men, that rule this people which is in Jerusalem.
15 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:
16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
17 Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding place.
18 And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it.
19 From the time that it goeth forth it shall take you: for morning by morning shall it pass over, by day and by night: and it shall be a vexation only to understand the report.
Rabbis: Construction Freeze is Forbidden Like Bloodshed
by Elad Benari NOV 19,10
Heads of the Rabbinical Congress for Peace have begun rapidly collecting signatures of rabbis of cities and neighborhoods throughout Israel on a ruling forbidding any construction freeze in Judea and Samaria and calling such a freeze bloodshed.RCP heads Rabbi Joseph Gerlitzky, Rabbi of Central Tel Aviv and Rabbi Moshe Havlin, Chief Rabbi of Kiryat Gat, explained that the ruling is not a new one but rather one that can be found in the Shulchan Aruch, the written Halacha manual written by Rabbi Joseph Caro during the 16th century.The Halacha determines that any waiver or consent to appeal Israel’s ownership of a community is considered Pikuach Nefesh and in order to avoid it is even permitted to desecrate Shabbat, explained the rabbis, and added that the Halacha predicted precisely everything that has happened in front of our very eyes during the last few years, when it determined that any negotiation or waiver on regarding Israel’s stand on its ownership of its land, will immediately cause an increase in the enemy’s demands, encourage the murder of Jews, and increase world pressure on Israel.RCP Secretary General Rabbi Avraham Levin said: I hold in my hands a copy of a letter sent by the RCP to the Prime Minister a year and a half ago, in which we warned him that the construction freeze is a disaster and that no international factor would agree to resume construction after 12 months, but that the opposite would occur and the pressure would only increase. We are not proud of the fact that our prediction was right. Any reasonable person could have foreseen the outcome, just as no one is deluding himself that at the end of the three-month additional freeze, the world's opposition to Jewish construction in Judea and Samaria, and even in Jerusalem, will be removed.The rabbis plan to hand the signed ruling to the Prime Minister and to each of the Knesset’s ministers, as well as to publish it in all the large newspapers.
Meanwhile, as the vote on the freeze nears, it was reported on Thursday that tensions are very high in the Land of Israel camp, as nationalists said they are not being allowed to meet with Rabbi Ovadiah Yosef, who will determine whether and how the Shas party ministers will vote.It appears as though the hinges on the votes of Shas party ministers Eli Yishai and Ariel Attias. They appear likely to abstain which would give Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu a majority for his freeze proposal.The grassroots Mattot Arim organization, meanwhile, called on the public to call, fax or email not only the Shas ministers, but also Ministers Gideon Saar and Yuval Steinitz, who are believed to be seriously considering voting in favor of the freeze.(IsraelNationalNews.com)
Upping the Anti: CERN Physicists Trap Antimatter Atoms for the First Time
Antihydrogen has been produced before, but it must be corralled for detailed physical study By John Matson |November 17, 2010 | 12
LAYING A TRAP: A fish-eye view of the ALPHA experiment at CERN, where anti-atoms have been created and trapped.Image: Courtesy Maximilien Brice/CERN
It is the stuff that both science fiction and a good part of author Dan Brown's fortune are made of—antimatter.A research group at CERN, the European lab for particle physics in Geneva, has managed for the first time to confine atoms of the stuff. Fleeting antimatter atoms have been produced in the lab for years, but until now the ability to trap the elusive atoms for detailed study has been out of reach. (The confined amounts of antimatter are many orders of magnitude smaller than that swiped from CERN by insidious plotters in Brown's Angels & Demons.)The new advance, published online November 17 in Nature by the ALPHA Collaboration experiment at CERN, is only a proof of principle—the anti-atoms have only been confined for less than two tenths of a second—but the research could set the stage for a new round of fundamental physics tests. (Scientific American is part of Nature Publishing Group.)
The ALPHA group mixed antiparticles in a vacuum trap to create atoms of antihydrogen, then held on to them briefly in the trap before turning them loose. Antimatter annihilates on contact with ordinary matter, so the anti-atoms disappear in a shower of secondary particles, known as pions, when they hit the walls of the trap. By tracking those annihilation products, the physicists conclude that they succeeded in producing, trapping and then releasing a few dozen atoms of antihydrogen.Neutral hydrogen is made up of one proton and one electron; antihydrogen is composed of the corresponding antiparticles, the antiproton and the antielectron. The component antiparticles that make up an anti-atom are not on their own terribly exotic. Antielectrons, also known as positrons, are in wide use in PET (positron emission tomography) scanners. And antiprotons have been produced and accelerated to high energies for smashups in particle colliders for decades.But marrying an antielectron to an antiproton to form a bound antimatter counterpart to the hydrogen atom was not achieved until the mid-1990s. And those early anti-atoms, produced at CERN and at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in the U.S., were hot, zipping along near the speed of light. The difficulty of corralling anti-atoms with such potent kinetic energies led groups to pursue cold antimatter that could more easily be confined and studied.I was never too worried about producing antihydrogen, but holding on to it is another thing entirely, says ALPHA spokesperson Jeffrey Hangst, a physicist at the University of Aarhus in Denmark. We're kind of overjoyed, to put it mildly, that this is working so well.
The challenge in confining antihydrogen, besides the fact that it annihilates on contact, is that it is electrically neutral, so the same traps that can be used to steer and confine the charged antiparticles are useless once those antiparticles bind together into an atom. On the bright side, the physicists can sweep the trap with applied electric fields after mixing the antiparticles to clear out any antiprotons and antielectrons that have not been bound into atoms of antihydrogen. It's neutral, and so it's very difficult to influence in any way, but it still has a magnetic moment, Hangst says. You can think of it as a little compass needle that responds to external magnetic fields.With superconducting magnets, Hangst's group was able to manipulate the neutral anti-atoms, trapping them—however briefly—before switching off the magnets to let the antimatter wander off and reveal itself through annihilation. Key to detecting those confined anti-atoms was the development of superconducting magnets that can be shut off almost instantaneously, allowing the researchers to look for pions from matter–antimatter annihilations in a span of just 30 milliseconds. The detectors are struck regularly by cosmic rays, which can mimic the annihilation signal, so narrowing the window of time in which matter–antimatter annihilations should be taking place significantly reduces the background noise the physicists must sift through to identify genuine annihilation events.The 38 annihilation signals detected by ALPHA were well above the expected background of 1.4 occurrences, strongly indicating that antihydrogen atoms were indeed slamming into the trap walls after being released from confinement. I'm convinced that they have succeeded in trapping some antihydrogen atoms, says Fermilab physicist David Christian. That's a big milestone in their experimental program.
If the proof of principle leads to more robust trapping of anti-atoms, researchers could test a number of long-standing theories for how antimatter should behave. For instance, all indications are that gravity should act on antihydrogen just as it acts on hydrogen, but empirical tests are not yet feasible. There are lots of arguments why it should behave exactly as matter, but they are just arguments, says theoretical physicist Michael Nieto of Los Alamos National Laboratory.Physicists would also like to study anti-atoms with laser spectroscopy to probe their energy level structure; according to fundamental physics theories antihydrogen should have the same spectrum as ordinary hydrogen. Any detected deviation would be a huge thing, Christian says. Whether or not they can do the spectroscopy is still a few steps off, but they've come a long way. As a ballpark figure, Hangst says researchers might need to confine 100 anti-atoms on a timescale of seconds to probe their structure. He notes that ongoing work to improve the trapped lifetime of the anti-atoms is coming along very well.Meanwhile, a competing group at CERN, known as ATRAP, has been proceeding apace with their own cold antihydrogen program. Harvard University physicist Gerald Gabrielse, the ATRAP spokesperson, says he is delighted by the new announcement but that his group is taking a slightly different tack. We have been focusing almost entirely of late on producing much colder antiproton plasmas that contain many more particles,Gabrielse says. The hope is that with these we can make many more antihydrogen atoms that are cold enough to be trapped for the longer times needed for laser spectroscopy.